Class 5 SST Chapter 11 Important Notes from Recording and Communicating Knowledge

What is Knowledge?

Knowledge is a form of information about any subject. Knowledge is the understanding of any subject.
Exchange of knowledge is important in our life as our lives depend upon the information about a variety of subjects.

Knowledge is exchanged:

🡲 By speaking to someone. (Orally)
🡲 By writing and sharing the information.

Importance of Recording Knowledge

Orally exchanged information can be lost with the years. People can forget the information. Knowledge also remains with the limited number of people.

If the information is written or recorded in some ways then it has better chances to reach to many people and also it will stay intact with the years. So the recording any information is important. People can read or see this recorded information any time anywhere.

Earliest Forms of Written Communication

Class 5 SST Chapter 11 Important Notes
Cave Paintings of Bhimbetka. (Source)
Major Historical Writing Systems. (Source)
Various Script Tablets (Source)

What is a Script?

A systematic collection of signs and symbols is called a script. Some scripts have pictorial symbols and others have alphabets. These signs and symbols are given some sounds. These sounds make the language.

Pictures Signs and Symbols Scripts Alphabets and Numbers Language

Examples of scripts
Roman alphabets have 26 letters – A to Z.
Oldest Indian script – Indus Valley Script
Brahmi Script
Devanagari Script – Our Hindi letters.
Roman Numbers – I, II, III, and so on.
Hindu-Arabic Numbers – 0 to 9 developed in India about 2000 years ago.

The Invention of the Printing

The invention of printing was a revolutionary idea as it made it possible to print books. Several copies could be printed by some printing techniques. More and more books reached to the people and knowledge was transferred.

Block PrintingPrinting was developed in China about 2000 years ago.

The Chinese cut designs on flat blocks of wood.
Ink was applied on the blocks.
Blocks were pressed on paper.
Typesetting PrintingIn 1443, Johann Gutenberg used several small metal molds of the letters for printing in Germany.

Molds containing letters were created.
(These molds are called types)
These molds were arranged to form words, sentences and paragraphs.
(This arrangement is called typesetting)
Typesets were applied with link and pressed on the paper to get impressions.
Class 5 SST Chapter 11 Important Notes
Class 5 SST Chapter 11 Important Notes
Movable Types for Printing. (Source)
Class 5 SST Chapter 11 Important Notes
Chinese Woodblock Printing (Source)

Invention of Paper

(Class 5 SST Chapter 11 Important Notes)

Ancient Egyptians used the plant stem (Papyrus) to make papers about 4000 years ago. The modern paper was first used by China about 1900 years ago.

The Bark of the tree ⇒ Pulp ⇒ Paper Sheets ⇒ left to dry

Paper Making Process (source)
Class 5 SST Chapter 11 Important Notes

Braille Script

🡲 Special script for the visually challenged (blind) people.
🡲 People can use their hands to touch and read the script.
🡲 The Braille script was developed by Louis Braille in France in 1824.
🡲 In Braille script, words are printed in dot patterns.
🡲 These dots are little raised over the surface and can be read by touching them.

Class 5 SST Chapter 11 Important Notes
Braille Script (Source)

Knowledge, Literacy, and Progress

Sharing of knowledge is very important. People become literate and knowledgeable.   Literacy and knowledge can help in the progress of any country.

🡲 Computers, advanced printing technologies have made the recording and sharing of knowledge very easy and faster.
🡲 The Printing systems are very compact in size and printing can be done with minimal effort.
🡲 There are various applications are available for making and printing words, pictures, etc.

(Class 5 SST Chapter 11 Important Notes)

Class 5 Social Studies Notes

Class 5 Social Studies Question Answers

Class 5 Social Studies Extra Questions

Class 5 Social Studies Online Tests