Class 5 SST Chapter 20 Question Answers
Chapter 20 – Gandhiji Leads the Nation
This chapter talks about the contribution of Mahatma Gandhi in the Indian struggle for freedom. Gandhiji led several movements against the unjust laws of the British. Satyagraha Movement, Non-Cooperation Movement, Civil Disobedience Movement, Protest against Simon Commission, Quit India Movement, etc. are some of the most important movements. The chapter also talks about the Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fauz), the army started by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. The Partition of India into two nations – India and Pakistan, was shocking and heartbreaking for Gandhiji and many other important leaders of India.
Class 5 SST Chapter 20 Question Answers – Fill in the Blanks.
- Gandhiji gave the name Harijans to the untouchables.
- Gandhiji launched the Satyagraha Movement in India to oppose the Rowlatt Act.
- The British, under General Dyer, massacred thousands of unarmed Indians gathered at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar.
- Indians protested against the Simon Commission as there was no Indian in it.
- In the 1929 session of the Congress, the Congress demanded Purna Swaraj from the British.
- The Civil Disobedience Movement was launched with the Dandi March.
- The Quit India Movement was launched while World War II was going on.
- The Indian National Army was formed by Subhash Chandra Bose.
Class 5 SST Chapter 20 Question Answers
- What did Gandhiji do as soon as he came back to India?
Answer: Gandhiji traveled to various parts of India to know more about the people.
- Why did Gandhiji protest against the Rowlatt Act?
Answer: Under the Rowlatt Acts, anyone could be arrested without a trial. So Gandhiji started Satyagraha to protest against Rowlatt Acts.
- After which incident did Gandhiji launch the Non-Cooperation Movement?
Answer: After the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, Gandhiji launched the Non-cooperation Movement.
- Why did Gandhiji call off the Non-Cooperation Movement?
Answer: The Non-cooperation Movement at Chauri Chaura (UP) became violent. People set fire to one police station and twenty-two policemen were killed. Gandhiji called the Movement off as he did not believe in violence. He thought that the Movement failed due to violence.
- When did Congress demand Purna Swaraj? What did it mean?
Answer: In 1929, Congress demanded Purna Swaraj. Purna Swaraj meant complete Freedom for India.
- What was the Civil Disobedience Movement? How did it start?
Answer: The Civil Disobedience Movement was launched to break all the unjust laws of the British.
Gandhiji started the movement by organizing a peaceful march from Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad to Dandi on the seashore.
- What did the Civil Disobedience Movement achieve?
Answer: The Civil Disobedience Movement started by Gandhiji. Although Gandhiji was arrested, the movement spread throughout India.
- Why did the Congress ministers in the provinces resign after World War II started?
Answer: The Congress ministers in the provinces resigned after World War II started because the British had declared the war on India’s behalf, without taking to the Indian leaders.
- What role did Subhash Chandra Bose play in the freedom struggle?
Answer: Subhash Chandra was a popular leader. He was elected President of the Indian National Congress twice. He also organized an army of 40000 Indian soldiers to fight against the British. The army was called Azad Hind Fauz or Indian National Army (INA). Azad Hind Fauz fought against the British on the northeast border.
- ‘India became independent but Gandhiji’s dream was shattered.’ why?
Answer: Gandhiji was heartbroken and his dream of a united India had been shattered because India was divided into two nations.
C. Match the incidents with the years in which they happened.
- Simon Commission ⇒ c. 1928
- Jallianwala Bagh massacre ⇒ b. 13 April 1919
- Rowlatt Act ⇒ a. 1919
- Civil Disobedience Movement ⇒ e. 1930
- Government of India Act ⇒ f. 1935
- Quit India Movement ⇒ g. 1942
- World War II ends ⇒ h. 1945
- India gets Independence ⇒ i. 1947
- Purna Swaraj ⇒ d. 1929
Class 5 SST Chapter 20 Question Answers – MCQs
- Gandhiji gave the name ‘Harijans’ to
(B) ministers in the government
(C) social workers
(D) people who were regarded as ‘untouchables’
- Satyagraha means
(A) speaking the truth
(B) violent protest against an injustice
(C) non-violent protest against an injustice
(D) any kind of protest against an injustice
- To protest against which of these did Gandhiji undertake the Dandi March?
(A) Salt Laws
(B) Rowlatt Acts
(C) Simon Commission
(D) Jallianwala Bagh massacre
- The Quit India Movement was launched in
(A) 1928 when Simon Coooision started its work
(B) 1929 after the Congress decided to demand Purna Swaraj
(C) 1935 after the Government of India Act was passed
(D) 1942 after the failure of talks between the Congress and the British during World War II
- Which of these leaders was in favor of the partition of India into two nations?
(B) Mahammad Ali Jinnah
(C) Subhash Chandra Bose
(D) None of these
Class 5 SST Chapter 20 Question Answers – Extra Questions
- What do you know about the Muslim League?
Answer: Muslim League was the group (Political Party) of Muslim Leaders. Mohammad Ali Jinnah was the leader of the Muslim League. It demanded a separate Muslim nation for themselves.
- How did Gandhiji and his followers make salt at Dandi?
Answer: They made salt by evaporating seawater.
- Who were the other young leaders who joined Non-cooperation Movement?
Answer: Jawaharlal Nehru, Subhash Chandra Bose, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.
- Write a short note on Jallianwala Bagh Massacre.
Answer: About ten thousand people gathered at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar. They were protesting against the Rowlatt Act during the Satyagraha Movement. But the British Officer, General Dyer ordered to fire bullets at these unarmed and innocent people. More than a thousand people were killed and thousands were injured. This was a shocking incident for the whole country.