Class 5 SST Chapter 6 Important Notes

Class 5 SST Chapter 6 Important Notes from Greenland – The Land of Ice and Snow.

 
 
Greenland is a self-governing province of Denmark. Nuuk (Earlier known as Godthab) is the capital of Greenland.
  • Greenland is the largest island in the world but not a continent.
  • Eric, the Red was the first European explorer who reached Greenland. Greenland’s name was given by him.
  • Greenland is located in the North-Western part of the world.

Class 5 SST Chapter 6 Important Notes

Greenland
Image By Rob984, wikipedia.org

Climate

(Class 5 SST Chapter 6 Important Notes)

  • Greenland lies in the Frigid zone as the arctic circle passes through the southern part of Greenland.
  • Greenland has a very cold climate. The region is also known as the Tundra region.
  • 80% of Greenland is covered with ice.
  • The southwestern coast of Greenland is the warmest part of Greenland. Most of the population lives here only.
Iceberg – Huge pieces of ice breaking off and floating in the sea is called iceberg.

Class 5 SST Chapter 6 Important Notes
Iceberg.
Image source: Pixabay.com

Vegetation

  • No forests and no crops are grown in this area as most of the part is covered with ice.
  • Only a few plants like sedge, cotton grass, and lichen grow during the summers in the southern part of Greenland.

Wildlife

  • Animals that can withstand extreme cold are found in Greenland.
  • Polar bears, reindeer, musk ox, wolves, arctic fox, seals, and some variety of fishes are found in Greenland.
  • Some birds are also found in Greenland.
Class 5 SST Chapter 6 Important Notes
Polar Bear
Image by Margo Tanenbaum from Pixabay.com

People of Greenland

(Class 5 SST Chapter 6 Important Notes)

  • The Inuits (also called Eskimos) were the original inhabitants of Greenland.
  • Inuits don’t like to be called Eskimos as Eskimos mean “eaters of raw meat”.
  • Inuits are hunters and live by fishing and hunting.
  • People use the skin and fur of the animals for clothing purposes.
  • Earlier bows and harpoons were used to hunt but now guns are used.
  • Earlier Inuits were nomads.
Nomads – People who roam around from one place to another place. Nomads don’t have permanent houses.

Class 5 SST Chapter 6 Important Notes
Inuits family wearing Parkas
Image By Edward S. Curtis, wikipedia.org

Transport

  • People use sledges pulled by the dogs.
  • Boats, called Kayaks, were used for fishing in the sea.
  • Now people use motorized sledges and motorboats for fishing.
Class 5 SST Chapter 6 Important Notes
Sledges pulled by dogs
By Maximilian zu Wied-Neuwied, wikimedia.org
#Class 5 SST Chapter 6 Important Notes
Class 5 SST Chapter 6 Important Notes
Kayaks and Harpoons
By flickr user wili hybrid – flickr.com, CC BY 2.0, wikimedia.org

Accommodation

  • Inuits used to live in temporary houses made of ice blocks. These houses are called Igloos.
  • Igloo means house for the Inuits. Igloos might be made of ice, wood, or bricks for the Inuits.
  • Now Inuits have moved to a settled life in the villages or small towns.
Class 5 SST Chapter 6 Important Notes
Self-made igloo.
Picture source: https://www.freeimages.com/

Clothing

  • People wear clothes made of animal skin and fur.
  • People wear jackets with hoods lined with fur. These clothes are called Parkas.

Population

  • The population of Greenland is about 56 thousand.
  • The population has a mixture of Inuits and Europeans mostly.
  • Almost all the population live on the southwestern coast of Greenland.
  • There are towns with modern facilities i.e. electricity, permanent houses, schools, hospitals, etc.
  • Nuuk has the highest population of about 15,500.
  • Holsteinsborg (now Sisimiut) is the second largest town with a population of about 5,500.

Agriculture and Industry

  • Fish processing is the major industry.
  • Sheep are raised in small numbers on the south-western coast.
  • Some part of the south-western coast is suitable for crops like potatoes.
Class 5 SST Chapter 6 Important Notes

Also read:

Class 5 SST Chapter 6 Question Answers

Class 5 SST Chapter 7 Question Answers

Class 5 SST Chapter 7 Important Notes

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