Class 6 Social Science Test
A. MCQs: (10 X ½ = 5)
1. The mountain range that separates Europe from Asia is
(A) the Alps
(B) the Himalayas
(C) the Urals
(D) the Andes
2. The Ocean that lies completely in the Eastern Hemisphere is
(A) the Indian Ocean
(B) the Pacific Ocean
(C) the Atlantic Ocean
(D) the Arctic Ocean
3. Which of these is an island continent?
(B) South America
4. The Autumn Season occurs in India during
5. Sahyadris is another name for
(A) The Aravali Range
(B) The Eastern Ghats
(C) The Western Ghats
(D) The Himalayas
6. Aravali is an example of
(A) Block Mountains
(B) Fold Mountains
(C) Volcanic Mountains
(D) None of these
7. Which of these shares only land boundaries with India?
(A) Sri Lanka
8. Which gas of the atmosphere traps the heat and keeps the Earth warm?
(C) Carbon Dioxide
9. Which of these is a west-flowing river?
10. Which landform is formed by a river?
B. Fill in the blanks: (10 X ½ = 5)
1. Painted Grey Ware is a type of _____________.
2. Buddha used ________ to communicate with people.
3. __________ was a woman Upanishadic thinker.
4. Ashoka appointed ______ to spread ‘dhamma’.
5. Samudragupta belonged to the _______ dynasty.
6. Jainism was initially supported by only the _________.
7. ‘Kammakara’ was a word used for __________.
8. _______ was the capital city of Chalukya about 1400 years ago.
9. __________ was the court poet of Samudragupta.
10. A Chinese pilgrim, ____________, spent a lot of time at Harshvardhan’s court.
C. Write True or False. (10 X ½ = 5)
1. Everyone above 18 years of age can participate in a gram panchayat meeting.
2. We can file a report of a theft in our house in any Police Station in India.
3. Alexander was the only person who conquered Magadha.
4. Prashastis were poems composed by the court poets in praise of their rulers.
5. Harsha Charita, the biography of Harsha, was written in Prakrit.
6. Tehsildar’s work is supervised by Patwari.
7. Information about the crops is not recorded by patwari in his records.
8. Ward Councillor is the elected representative from a ward.
9. The work of the administrative staff is to implement the decisions taken by ward councilors.
10. India is divided into states and then into districts for elections.
D. Match the columns. (10 X ½ = 5)
|1. Ashoka||(a) Prashasti about Pulakshin II|
|2. Chandragupta I||(b) Prashasti about Samudragupta|
|3. Samudragupta||(c) Pallava King|
|4. Kalidasa||(d) Astronomer|
|5. Pulakshin II||(e) Chalukya Ruler|
|6. Banabhatta||(f) Harshacharita|
|7. Mahendravarman I||(g) Played Veena|
|8. Aryabhatta||(h) Popular court poet of Chandragupta II|
|9. Ravikirti||(i) Spread Dhamma|
|10. Harishena||(j) Founder of Gupta Empire|
E. Answer the following questions within 10-20 words. (10 X 1 = 10)
1. What is the full form of BDO & BPL?
2. Which continents lie completely in the Northern Hemisphere?
3. What do you understand by local government?
4. What are the key factors that affect the climate of any place?
5. What is a dynasty?
6. What do you understand by natural vegetation?
7. What is a tributary?
8. Why were the inscriptions were written in Prakrit?
9. What do you understand by the “tribute” given to the ancient rulers?
10. What is a mountain?
E. Answer the following questions within 40-50 words. (5 X 2 = 10)
1. What is the importance of cleanliness in any locality?
2. What are the qualities mentioned in the Sanskrit Prashasti written about Samudragupta?
3. What was the message of Ashoka’s Dhamma?
4. What is the difference between a mountain and plateau?
5. What is the atmosphere? Name all the layers of the atmosphere.
H. Answer the following questions within 60-70 words. (7 X 5 = 35)
1. Write about Gautama Buddha and his teachings?
2. Write about Vardhman Mahavira and his teachings?
3. Describe the Ashram System.
4. Explain the types of mountains.
5. Describe the Varna System.
6. Name the major physical divisions of India.
7. What are the works of a Patwari and a tehsildar?
History Test Questions
1. What were two major changes that happened in agriculture about 2500 years ago?
Answer: (1) Use of Iron ploughshare; (2) Transplantation of Paddy
2. Why was the Varna System not accepted by some people?
Answer: Many people did not accept the Varna System
>Some kings thought that they were superior to the Brahmanas.
>Some thought that birth should not be the basis for deciding the varnas.
>Some felt that there should not be any differences among the people.
>Others believed that everyone should be allowed to perform sacrifices and rituals.
>Some also condemned the practice of untouchability.
3. How could Vajji survive for a long period of time even if they did not have a strong army?
Answer: Vajji did not have a powerful army but they were able to survive and rule for a long period of time.
>They discussed and took the decisions together.
>They followed established rules.
>Respected, supported, and listened to their elders.
>Women were given little freedom.
>Saints from different religions were respected.
4. What were the important features of Janapadas?
Answer: Important features of Janapada sites:
>People lived in huts.
>Made earthen pots. (redware, grey ware, painted grey ware)
>Grew a variety of crops (rice, wheat, barley, pulses, sugarcane, sesame, and mustard)
5. What were the teachings of Buddha?
Answer: Teachings of Buddha:
(1) Life is full of unhappiness and suffering caused by cravings and desires. These constant cravings could be removed by moderation in everything.
(2) People should be kind and respectful to everyone including animals.
(3) The results of our actions (Karma) affect us both in this and next life.
6. Who contributed to Upanishads?
Most Upanishadic thinkers were men, especially Brahmins and rajas.
Occasionally, there is mention of women thinkers, such as Gargi.
Poor people rarely took part in these discussions. One famous exception was Satyakama Jabala.
7. Why was Jainism difficult to follow?
Answer: The rules were very difficult for men and women to follow.
8. How was the life of Monks in the Buddhist Sangha?
Answer: The lives who joined Sangha had to live simples lives. They meditated for most of the time. They also begged for food.
They taught people about the teachings of Mahavira. and helped one another. They also held meetings to settle any quarrels that took place within the sangha.
9. Who could join the Buddhist Sangha?
Answer: Everyone including Slaves, Shudras, and Women could join Sangha. Many people had to take permission for joining the Sangha.
> Children from their parents,
> Slaves from their masters.
> Debtors from their Creditors.
> Wives from their husbands.
> Royal workers from their Kings.
10. What is the difference between a kingdom and an empire?
Answer: Kingdom is smaller in size whereas an empire is a very big kingdom.
More resources, officials, and soldiers are required to rule an empire as compared to a kingdom.
11. How did Ashoka spread his massages of Dhamma?
>>Ashoka appointed Dhamma Mahamatta who went from place to place teaching people about Dhamma.
>>He got his messages inscribed on rocks and pillars.
>>Dhamma Mahamatta read these messages to those who could not read them.
>>Ashoka also sent messengers to spread ideas about dhamma to other lands, such as Syria, Egypt, Greece, and Sri Lanka.
12. What were the messages included in Ashoka’s Dhamma?
Answer: Ashoka’s Dhamma included:
>>Being gentle with slaves and servants.
>>Treating all creatures with compassion.
>>Giving gifts to monks and Brahmins.
>>Respecting all religions.
13. What are the features of the Mauryan Administration?
>>Large empire was divided into smaller provinces.
>>Each province had capital cities.
>>The empire was ruled by the emperor with the help of ministers, members of the royal families, and other officials.
>>Royal princes were sent to the provinces as governors who ruled these provinces on behalf of the emperor.
>>The area near Patliputra was under the direct control of the emperor.
14. What was the Silk route and how was it important for rulers?
Answer: The routes followed by the Chinese traders carrying silk were known as Silk Routes.
These silk routes were beneficial for tax purposes.
15. What are the sources of information for ancient towns?
(4) Accounts of travelers or merchants
(5) Other archaeological evidence
16. What was special about the NBPW?
Answer: NBPW was a hard, wheel-made, metallic-looking ware with a shiny black surface.
17. Who were important rulers from South Indian kingdoms who ruled about 1400 years ago?
Mahendravarman I from the Pallava dynasty.
Pulakeshin II from the Chalukya dynasty.
18. What were the characteristics of Samudragupta as described by his prashashti found at Allahabad?
Answer: According to the Prashahshti written by Harishena, Samudragupta was –
(1) A very good poet.
(2) A learned person.
(3) A brave warrior.
(4) interested in music.
19. Name any two Chinese pilgrims and why did they visit India?
Answer: Fa-Xian, Xuan Zang, I-Qing
Chinese pilgrims visited India to learn about Buddha and Buddhism.
20. What types of people lived in ancient Indian villages?
(1) Big Landowners
(2) Small farmers
(3) Landless laborers
(4) Dasas and Dasis
Civics Test Questions
1. What are the levels of the Panchayati Raj System?
(1) Gram Panchayat, (2) Block Panchayat, (3) District Panchayat
2. What is Gram Sabha?
Answer: Gram Sabha is the meeting of all the adults of the village where they discuss their problems and solutions with the Gram Panchayat.
3. What is Gram Panchayat?
Answer: Gram Panchayat is the group of elected and appointed members of the local government. Panch, Sarpanch, secretary, etc. are the members of a gram panchayat.
4. What is the role of a Secretary in a Panchayat?
Answer: Secretary is the link between Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat.
Secretary organizes the Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat meetings. He also records all the discussions and decisions from the meeting.
5. Who do farmers need copies of their land records?
Answer: Whenever farmers have to show proof of land, they need copies of their land records. example, while selling the land, dividing the land among his sons, etc.
6. What are the responsibilities of the Police?
(1) To maintain the law and order in the area.
(2) To inquire, investigate and take action.
7. What are the details included in a land record maintained by Patwari?
Name, Address, Size of land, Crop, Area of crops, etc.
8. How is the new succession act, 2005 beneficial for women?
Answer: According to this new law, women also get an equal share in the properties of their father or husband. They can become financially independent.
9. What is the meaning of community protest?
Answer: When people are not happy with the administration, they get together and protest. This is called community protest.
10. What is the difference between a commissioner and a mayor (chairman) of a municipal corporation?
Answer: Municipal commissioner is an appointed member and head of the administrative staff.
Municipal Chairman (Mayor) is an elected member and head of the ward councilors.
11. What is a debt trap?
Answer: When a farmer takes a loan for his agricultural needs and he is not able to repay the loan. The loan amount increases because of interest. For replaying the loan, he borrows some more money. This becomes a trap for the farmer. It is called the debt trap.
12. Why do farm laborers not get regular work throughout the year?
Answer: Crops are cultivated during a particular season. During the remaining part of the year, farm laborers have to look for other works. Hence, they don’t have regular work.
13. What is terrace farming?
Answer: Terrace farming is a process of crop cultivation on the slopes of a mountain or hilly area by making steps like farms.
14. What are the problems faced by fishing families?
Answer: (1) Storms (2) uncertainty of getting fishes (3) Breeding season for fishes.
Fishing families have to borrow money for their needs and survival.
15. What is the difference between a casual worker and a regular worker?
(1) No job security
(2) Low wages
(3) Long work hours
(4) No additional benefits like paid leaves, medicinal facilities, etc.
(1) Regular or permanent work
(2) Decent salaries
(3) Fixed job duration
(4) Extra benefits are providied.
16. Write 5 examples of hawkers and vendors?
Answer: Vegetable sellers, pani puri sellers, coblers, iron smiths, food stalls on streets.
17. What is the meaning of the administrative staff?
Answer: Appointed officials who are given various responsibilities in the government are called administrative staff.
18. Why do the government make a list of BPL families?
Answer: They make a list to identify poor people and help them by providing groceries, medical facilities, etc at very low costs.
19. What are the examples (or types) of agricultural livelihoods in a rural area?
(1) Small farmers
(2) Big farmers
(3) Farm labourers.
20. What is the difference between a rural livelihoods and urban livelihoods?
Activities performed by the people of villages for their survival are called rural livelihoods.
Activities performed by the people of cities or towns for their survival are called urban livelihoods.
Geography Test Questions
1. What is the difference between a Strait and an Isthmus?
A strait is a narrow passage of water that connects two big water bodies and separates two big landmasses.
An Isthmus is a narrow strip of land that connects two big landmasses and separates two big water bodies.
2. What is Hydrosphere?
Answer: All forms of water on the Earth is called Hydrosphere.
3. Describe the Southern Ocean.
Answer: The Southern Ocean is a ring-shaped ocean that surrounds Antarctica in the southern hemisphere.
4. What is the importance of Carbon Dioxide in the atmosphere?
Answer: Carbon Dioxide keeps the Earth warm and it is essential for the plants as it is required in photosynthesis.
5. Why does the Earth support life?
Answer: All the life-supporting elements are found on the Earth. Hence, it supports life.
6. What is an external process?
Answer: External Process is a process that occurs outside the Earth’s surface and modifies the landforms of the Earth.
7. What is a horst and a graben?
Answer: Sinking part of a block mountain is called the Graben and the uplifted part of a block mountain is called the Horst.
8. Why are the river plains thickly populated?
Answer: Rivers plains are formed by the deposition of the alluvial soil brought by the rivers. Plains are very fertile and construction is easy in the plains. Hence, the plains are thickly populated.
9. Name the neighboring countries of India.
Answer: Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives.
10. What is the political and administrative division of India?
Answer: For political and administrative purposes, India is divided into 28 states and 9 UTs. States are further divided into districts. Districts are further divided into blocks.
11. How are coral islands formed?
Answer: When the sea creatures die and their skeletons get deposited at the bottom of the sea. With time and high pressure, these skeletons get accumulated and convert into rock-like structures. These rock-like structures are called corals. Any island having corals on its seashore is called a coral island.
12. What is a delta?
Answer: The triangular region formed by the rivers entering into seas or oceans is called the delta.
13. What is a retreating monsoon?
Answer: Winds move back from the land to the Bay of Bengal during October and November. These winds bring rainfall to south Indian parts, especially in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. This season is called the retreating monsoon.
14. What are the factors that affect the climate of any region?
Answer: Latitude, Altitude, Distance from sea, Direction of winds, and relief are the factors that affect the climate of any place.
15. Why are the parks and gardens in our school (or Sewagram) not natural vegetation?
Answer: Parks and gardens are maintained by humans. Hence, they are not natural vegetations.
16. Why do poachers kill wild animals?
Answer: Poachers kill wild animals for their skin, teeth, meat, etc. By selling these things, poachers earn money.
17. What is the importance of wildlife?
Answer: All the animals are important as they maintain a balance in the environment and the food chain. Without these animals, the balance of the Earth would be lost and issues like climate change may occur.
18. What is a river plain?
Answer: A river plain is a landform formed by the deposition of alluvial soils brought by the rivers.
19. How the Chhotanagpur plateau is useful for us?
Answer: Chhotanagpur plateau is very rich in minerals. We get a variety of minerals.
20. What is IST?
Answer: IST is Indian Standard Time which is decided by the longitude value of 82.5 E.
82.5 E is called the Indian Standard Meridian of India.
21. What are Flora and Fauna?
All the animals that live in any region are called the fauna of that region.
All the plants and trees are called the flora of the region.
22. Why do we call glaciers the storehouse of water?
Answer: Glaciers are water bodies in frozen form. When they melt, we get water in the form of rivers. Hence, glaciers are called the storehouse of water.
23. What is the difference between a mountain and a hill?
Answer: A landform that has an elevation of more than 600 m and a conical peak is called a mountain.
A hill is a landform not higher than 600 m and also has a rounded peak.
24. Name the layers of the atmosphere?
Answer: Starting from Earth’s surface, we have Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere, and Exosphere.
25. How is an indented coastline is useful?
Answer: Indented coastline is an irregular coastline that provides an ideal location for natural ports and harbors.
26. What are Dakshin Gangotri and Maitri?
Answer: Dakshin Gangotri and Maitri are the Indian Research stations in Antarctica.
27. In Which part of the world is India located?
Answer: India is located in the North-Eastern part of the World. It is part of the Asian continent.
28. Why is the water level is same in all the oceans?
Answer: All the oceans are connected to each other, hence the water level is the same in all the oceans.
29. Which continents surround the Pacific Ocean?
Answer: Pacific ocean is surrounded by Asia in the west, North and South America in the East, and Australia in the south.
30. Which continent contain both the tropics?
Answer: Africa contains both the tropic of cancer and the tropic of Capricorn.
MCQs (10 Qs)
True or False (10 Qs)
Fill in the blanks. (10 Qs)
Match the columns. (5 Qs)
1-mark Questions (10 Qs)
10 x 0.5 = 5
10 x 0.5 = 5
10 x 0.5 = 5
5 x 1 = 5
10 x 1 = 10
2-marks Questions (6 Qs)
3-marks Questions (6 Qs)
5-marks Questions (3 Qs)
Map Based (5 Qs)
6 x 2 = 12
6 x 3 = 18
3 x 5 = 15
5 x 1 = 5
Civics: (Test – 2 March)
5. Panchayati Raj
6. Rural Administration
7. Urban Administration
8. Rural Livelihoods
9. Urban Livelihoods
Geography: (Test – 23 Feb)
5. Major Domains of the Earth
6. Major Landforms of the Earth
7. Our Country – India
8. India: Climate, Vegetation, and Wildlife
History: (Test – 6 March)
5. New Kings, Kingdoms, and an Early Republic
6. New Questions and Ideas
7. Ashoka, The Emperor Who Gave up War
8. Vital Villages, Thriving Towns
Plus *Some topics of Chapters 9 and 10