Class 7 Civics Chapter 1 Important Notes

Class 7 Civics Chapter 1 Important Notes covers all the important topics and that will enhance your understanding.

Equality in Indian Democracy

India is a big country with a huge population. A variety of religions, languages, cultural practices, etc. make India a diverse and unique country.

There are some inequalities such as wealth distribution, caste system, gender, etc. Despite the diversities and inequalities, we are united. We are united by our Constitution. Our constitution gives us our rights. These rights make us equal.


  • This is a document that lays down the basic rules and regulations for people and the government in the country to follow.
  • The principle of the equality of everyone is recognized by our Constitution i.e. The Indian Constitution recognizes every person as equal.
  • No discrimination based on Religion, Caste, Language, Color, Gender, Wealth Distribution, Personal Choices, or any other basis.
Article 15 of the Constitution
Article 15 of our Constitution
Class 7 Civics Chapter 1 Important Notes

Let us understand some of our rights as the citizen of India.

Equal right to vote

All who are above 18 years of age and eligible to vote to have the equal value of vote as one. This practice is called Universal Adult Franchise. It is an essential aspect of a democracy and we are the world’s largest democracy.

Class 7 Civics Chapter 1 Important Notes

Social Equality

  • No discrimination with anyone on any basis.
  • No place for Untouchability.
  • Equal opportunities for development for everyone.
  • Everyone has equal access to all public places and services.

Civil Equality

  • Everyone is equal before the law.
  • Everyone has to follow the same laws.
  • Equal opportunity for all to secure legal protection of their rights and freedom.

Political Equality

  • Everyone has equal opportunities to participate in the politics of our country.

Economic Equality

  • Equal opportunities for all to work and earn their livelihoods.

Ways to bring equality in the society

The government has tried two to implement equality.

  1. By making the laws and implementing them.
  2. By launching government schemes or programs

These schemes are to ensure and help disadvantaged communities. One such scheme is Mid Day Meal scheme.

Mid Day Meal Scheme

  • This refers to the program introduced in all government elementary schools to provide children with cooked lunch.
  • Tamil Nadu was the first state to introduce this scheme in 2001. Then Supreme court asked every state to implement it.

Positive effects of the program

  • Increased enrollment in the schools.
  • Regular attendance of the children.
  • Hunger problems solved for the children while studying.
  • Caste prejudice reduced as all sit together and eat.
  • Employment of the needy women for cooking and maintaining the work.
Class 7 Civics Chapter 1 Important Notes
Mid-day meal scheme

Although our government has made the laws and implementing many schemes to bring the practice of equality in society. But still, we observe so many instances where people discriminate against others and act against the laws of the government.

Few examples,

  • So-called lower caste people are treated badly or unequally.
  • So-called low caste people are not allowed in public places.
  • Poor people have to wait in long queues to avail government services and rich people get special access to the same services.
  • Women are not given opportunities to grow as it is considered as against the culture.
There are so many such examples present in our society. Even well-educated people follow such types of practices.

Reasons for discrimination:

  • People are still not willing to change.
  • Despite knowing the laws, people are still not able to practice the principle of equality.
  • Some people still consider that women are not worth going outside the homes.
  • The caste system has deep roots in society and it is difficult to remove.
  • Discrimination has become part of our culture and through the years people have accepted it.

If we understand that everyone has dignity and must be treated equally with respect then only we as a society will progress and develop in the right direction.