Class 7 History Chapter 1 Question Answers from Tracing Changes Through A Thousand Years
Class 7 History Chapter 1 Question Answers – Short Answer Type Questions.
- Who was Al-Idrisi?
Answer: Al-Idrisi was an Arab geographer.
- Who is a ‘cartographer’?
Answer: Cartographer is one who draws maps.
- What difference do you notice in the map drawn by Al-Idrisi?
Answer: The map created by Al-Idrisi was drawn upside down and Sri Lankan island was shown at the top.
- Who used the term Hindustan for the first time and when?
Answer: Minhaj-i Siraj used it for the first time in the 13th century.
- What are the sources that are referred by the historians to know about a time period in history
Answer: Coins, inscriptions, architectures, text records, etc.
- What do you mean by archives?
Answer: Archives were the places where manuscripts were collected.
- Who were scribes?
Answer: Scribes were people who used to copy down the manuscripts.
- How did the scribes copy down the manuscripts?
Answer: Scribes copied down the manuscripts by hand.
- What developments took place during 700 and 1750?
Answer: Many technologies like the Persian wheel in irrigation, the spinning wheel in weaving, and firearms in combat made their appearance. Some new foods and beverages like potatoes, corn, chilies, tea, and coffee also arrived in the subcontinent.
- What were the new groups of people to be prominent in this period?
Answer: Rajputs, Marathas, Sikhs, Jats, Ahoms, and Kayasthas.
- What do you mean by Jati Panchayat?
Answer: Jati Panchayat was the assembly of elders. They made their own rules and regulations. They also controlled the conduct of the jati members.
- Who was the Chief of the village?
Answer: Chief of the Village was known as Chieftain and he controlled the whole village.
- How big was the Empire of Delhi Sultan Ghiyasuddin Balban?
Answer: According to a Sanskrit Prashasti Delhi Sultan Ghiyasuddin Balban’s empire was stretched from Bengal (Gauda) in the east to Ghazni (Gajjana) in Afghanistan in the west. It also included all of south India (Dravida).
- Why did Brahmanas dominate in society during this period?
Answer: Brahmanas were the only class of people who were proficient in the Sanskrit language. This was the reason that made them prominent.
- Who were the patrons?
Answer: Patrons were a group of the rulers and rich class of people who supported, provided protection and livelihood to the Brahmanas, artists and poets.
- How history was divided by British historians during the middle of the nineteenth century?
Answer: The British historians divided Indian history into three parts based upon the periods of rule.
This division was only considering the religion of the rulers and ignoring all the other aspects of the Indian subcontinent.
- How do the historians see the time?
Answer: For historians, time does not mean just passing of hours, days, or years. Historians see the time with the changes in society. Historians study the time with respect to the changes in social and economic organizations.
- What do you mean by pan-regional rule? What was its impact?
Answer: Pan-regional rule means the rule extended over the whole of the area. In the subcontinent, the pan-regional rule means ruling the whole subcontinent.
People experienced new social, cultural, political, and economic practices. Sharing of ideas and knowledge took place. All the states changed and grew together without losing their distinct identities.
- What was the change in the religion of the time? Trace out major developments?
Answer: So many changes happened in Hinduism during 700 and 1750.
The worship of new deities, the construction of temples by royalty, and the growing importance of Brahmanas, the priests, as dominant groups in society were some of the major developments. The idea of bhakti emerged.The arrival of Islam to India:
Merchants and migrants brought the new teachings of the ‘Quran’, the holy book of the Muslims.
A class of patrons emerged. They were the rulers who provided shelter and protection to the Ulamas – the learned theologians and jurists.
Muslims were divided into two groups – Shia and Sunni. Shia Muslims believed in Prophet Muhammad’s authority while the Sunnis accepted the authority of the early leaders – Khalifas.
- What were the major changes in society during 700 and 1750? What was its main reason?
Answer: A number of changes took place in society during the medieval period. This period traced the technological appearance of the Persian wheel in irrigation, the spinning wheel in weaving, and firearms in combat.
Potatoes, chilies, tea, and coffee were some of the new foods and beverages. These innovations and ideas came with the people who migrated to this land.
As a result, this period saw various changes in the economic, political, social and cultural life.