Health Care Facilities in India

In this post, we will learn about various healthcare facilities available in India. We will talk about various facts related to the healthcare facilities in India.

What is Public Welfare?

Government is responsible for the welfare of the people. The democratic government takes care of education, health, employment, housing, development of roads, electricity, etc.


Health is one of the most important aspects of our life. Any person is healthy if –

  • There is no injury, illness, or disease; and
  • He/she should not be prone to any disease.

Being dull, inactive, stressed, or anxious is not considered healthy.


In the Indian government, we have the Ministry of health and family welfare of India that looks after public health and welfare.


Healthcare facilities in India
 Adequate healthcare facilities are required to prevent and treat illnesses. In case of illness, proper facilities of consultancy, diagnosis, and treatment are required.


Required facilities

  • Hospitals
  • Medical Equipment
  • Testing laboratories
  • Ambulances
  • Blood Banks
  • Medicines etc.

Health workers, Nurses, Doctors, and Other health professionals are required to run these health care facilities.

Healthcare Facilities Available facilities in India

  • The largest number of medical colleges in the world.
  • Largest producers of doctors in the world. (~15000 doctors per year)
  • The third-largest producer in the world and exporter of medicines.
  • A large number of medical tourists come to India for treatment in some of the world-class hospitals.
  • Significant growth in the medical facilities in the last 30 years.

India has a large number of facilities and an experienced system of healthcare facilities. Technological advancement has improved our healthcare system. Indian government looks after the health of a large section of the population. Although these medical facilities are mainly found in urban areas.


Private Health Care Facilities in India

A wide range of private health facilities exists in our country. A large number of doctors run their own private clinics. Registered Medical Practitioners run the health care facilities in rural areas.
Private Healthcare facility
Picture credit: https://www.medlife.com/

Urban areas have a large number of doctors, many of them providing specialized services.

  • Private Hospitals and Nursing Homes provide specialized health care facilities.
  • Laboratories offer tests and special facilities such as X-ray, Ultrasound, etc.
  • Pharmacies sell a variety of medicines.
Medical and Pharmacy Shops
Picture credit: https://www.drugtopics.com/

Private Healthcare facilities in India
Picture credit: https://www.medlife.com/
Big organizations and companies provide private health care facilities such as:
  • Big multi-specialty hospitals.
  • Manufacturing and selling medicines.
  • Medical colleges.

In private facilities, patients have to pay a lot of money for every service that they use.

Costly Private Healthcare in India
Picture credit: https://health.economictimes.indiatimes.com/

Public Health Care Facilities in India

According to our Constitution, it is the primary duty of the government to ensure the welfare of the people and provide health care facilities to everyone.

Hospitals are supposed to provide timely medical treatment to the people in an emergency to save every life.

Public Health Services

  • System of all health centers and hospitals run by the government.
  • Covers rural as well as urban areas to provide health care services to everyone.
  • Provide treatment to all types of problems.
  • Provide quality health care services either free or at a low cost.
  • Take action to prevent the spread of diseases such as TB, malaria, jaundice, cholera, diarrhea, chikungunya, etc.

Public Health Services in Rural Areas

  • Sub Centers (SC)

    • Cover one or two villages.
    • One health care staff is appointed.
    • Supervised by a PHC.

  • Primary Health Centers (PHC)

    • Covers one Gram Panchayat.
    • 10-12 Medical Staff
    • Referral unit for sub-centers.
    • Supervised by CHC.
Community Health Center (CHC)
Picture of a PHC; Just for representation
Primary Health Center in Rural Areas
Picture of a CHC; Just for representation

  • Community Health Centers (CHC)

    • Covers a non-district town.
    • 20-25 medical staff.
    • Supervised by district hospitals.
    • Referral unit for PHCs.
    • Block Chief Medical Health Officer (BCMHO) is the head of a CHC.

  • District Hospitals
    • operate at the district level.
    • All the specialists and medical staff are available.
    • Referral unit for CHCs.
    • Chief Medical Health Officer (CMHO) supervises all the health centers in the district.

Facts about the rural health in India

  • Every year about 5 lakh people die from Tuberculosis. (TB)
  • Every year about 20 lakh malaria cases are registered.
  • half of the children don’t get adequate food and are undernourished.
  • People have to travel long distances for medical facilities.
  • Clean water is not available to the people and water-borne diseases are very common.

These facts show that despite the facilities Indian healthcare system is very poor in the rural areas. India has the resources but it is not able to provide the necessary healthcare to everyone.


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