NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 Question Answers cover the book exercise in a simplified and precise way. NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 Question Answers are easy to understand and learn for exams.

NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 Question Answers

NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 Question Answers

Multiple Choice Questions

1. The value of the prime meridian is
(a) 90°
(b) 0°
(c) 60°

2. The frigid zone lies near
(a) the Poles
(b) the Equator
(c) the Tropic of Cancer

3. The total number of longitudes are
(a) 360
(b) 180
(c) 90

4. The Antarctic Circle is located in
(a) the Northern Hemisphere
(b) the Southern Hemisphere
(c) the Eastern Hemisphere

5. Grid is a network of
(a) parallels of latitudes and meridians of longitudes
(b) the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn
(c) the North Pole and the South Pole


Fill in the Blanks.

1. The Tropic of Capricorn is located at 23.5°S.
2. The Standard Meridian of India is 82.5°
3. The 0° Meridian is also known as Prime Meridian (Greenwich Meridian).
4. The distance between the longitudes decreases towards the Poles.
5. The Arctic Circle is located in the Northern Hemisphere.


NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 Question Answers

1. What is the true shape of the earth?
Answer: The true shape of the earth is a sphere flattened at the poles. Such a shape is called a geoid.

2. What is a globe?
Answer: A globe is an exact small model of the earth. It shows the earth in its actual shape, with all continents, oceans, etc. marked at their proper places.

3. What is the latitudinal value of the Tropic of Cancer?
Answer: 23.5°N

4. What are the three heat zones of the Earth?
Answer:
(1) Torrid Zone, (2) Temperate Zones and (3) Frigid Zones.

5. What are the parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude?
Answer:
>Parallels of latitudes are all the imaginary circles parallel to the Equator.
>Meridians of longitudes are all the imaginary circles perpendicular to the Equator.

6. Why does the torrid zone receive the maximum amount of heat?
Answer: Sun rays fall directly on the area between the Tropics of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. So the heat received is maximum at these latitudes. The area under these latitudes is called the Tropical Zone or the Torrid Zone.

7. Why is it 5.30 p.m. in India and 12.00 noon in London?
Answer: India and the United Kingdom lie on different longitudes. Every 15 degrees of longitude corresponds to a difference of 1 hour. This is because the earth rotates 360° in 24 hours.
(360/24 = 15 degree per hour)
The standard meridian of India is 82° 30′ E, and the standard meridian of London is 0°.
This means a difference of 5.5 hours. Hence, India is 5 hours and 30 minutes ahead of the UK.

Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 Online Test