NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 8 Notes cover all the topics in a precise and simplified way. NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 8 Notes are easy to understand and learn for the exams. NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 8 Notes are very useful for a quick revision of chapter 8 – India: Climate, Vegetation, and Wildlife.
NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 8 Notes
Weather: Atmospheric condition at any place for a short period of time.
Temperature, humidity, rainfall, wind, etc. are used to describe the weather conditions of any place.
For example, the weather may be hot or cold; sunny or cloudy; windy or calm, etc.
Climate: Average weather conditions of a place for a long period of time.
Temperature, humidity, etc. are used to describe the climate of any place.
For example, the climate may be hot and dry, hot and humid, cold and dry, etc.
Climate of India
The climate of India is Monsoon type as we have seasons in India. Monsoon is an Arabic word (Mausim) which means Seasons.
Importance of Monsoon
Monsoon is very important for us as our agriculture is dependent upon Monsoon. And also the water we get for household and industrial usage also come from monsoon rains.
Seasons in India
|Cold Season (Winters)|
>>December to February
>>Sunrays don’t fall directly
>>Temperature fall quite low in North India
|Hot Season (Summers)|
>>March to May
>>Sunrays fall directly
>>Temerature becomes very high
>>Hot and Dry winds (Loo)
|Rainy Season (Monsoon)|
>>June to September
>>Winds blow from sea to land
>>Winds bring moisture from Southwest
>>Winds strike mountains and rainfall occurs
|Autumn Season (Retreat of Monsoon)|
>>October and November
>>Winds move back from land to Sea.
>>Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh receive rainfall
Factors affecting Climate
(1) Latitude – Location of a place
(2) Altitude – Elevation of a place
(3) Distance from the sea
(4) Relief – Slope of the area
(5) Direction of the winds
The grasses, shrubs, and trees, which grow on their own without interference or help from human beings are called natural vegetation.
Types of vegetation depend upon the climate of any place.
Importance of forests
(1) Trees release Oxygen and absorb Carbon Dioxide.
(2) Forests control erosion and floods.
(3) We get Timber for furniture, firewood, Fodder for animals, Shelter, Herbs and other medicinal plants, Fruits, Lac, gum, honey, rubber, etc.
(4) Forests are also the home to wildlife.
There are thousands of species of animals and a large variety of reptiles, amphibians, mammals, birds, insects, and worms which dwell in the forest.
National animal – Tiger
National bird – Peacock
|Asiatic Lions||Gir Forest, Gujarat|
|Elephants||Assam, Kerala, Karantaka|
|Wild Asses||Kutch, Gujarat|
|Wild goats, Snow Leopards, Bears||Himalayan Region|
>> Monkeys, Wolves, Jackal, Nilgai, Cheetals, etc. are some common wild animals.
>> Parrots, Pigeons, Mynah, Geese, Bulbul, Ducks, etc. are some common birds
>> Cobras and kraits are some important snake species.
Due to the reckless cutting of forests and hunting, several species of wildlife of India are declining rapidly. Many species have already become extinct.
The government of India has started Project Tiger and Project Elephant to protect these animals.
Conservation of forests and wildlife is very important for our environment and our survival. Hence, we should protect them in all possible ways.