NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 8 Question Answers cover all the exercise questions in a simplified and precise way. NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 8 Question Answers are easy to understand and learn for exams.
NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 8 Question Answers
1. Fill in the blanks:
(a) Vellalar was a word used for large landowners in Tamil.
(b) The Grama Bhojaka often got his land cultivated by the landless labourers and slaves.
(c) Ploughmen were known as Uzhavar in Tamil.
(d) Most Grihapatis were small landowners.
2. Describe the functions of the gramabhojaka. Why do you think he was powerful?
Answer: The Gram Bhojaka was the headman of the village. He had slaves and he hired workers to cultivate the land.
He was powerful and the king entrusted him with the important job of collecting taxes from the villagers.
He also acted as a judge in the village.
3. List the crafts persons who would have been present in both villages and cities.
Answer: Carpenters, Weavers, Potters, etc.
4. Choose the correct answer:
(a) Ring wells were used for:
(b) Punch marked coins were made of:
(c) Mathura was an important:
(d) Shrenis were associations of:
5. Which of the iron tools shown on page 79 would have been important for agriculture? What would the other tools have been used for?
Answer: Tools shown on the page are: Sickle, Tongs, and Axe. Sickle and Axe were used for agriculture.
Tongs would have been used to hold things without actually touching them.
6. Compare the drainage system in your locality with that of the cities mentioned in the lesson. What similarities and differences do you notice?
(1) Both systems look well-planned.
(1) Past drainage system was made of mad, bricks and thatch. Whereas modern drainage system is constructed with concrete and cement.
(2) Past drainage system could not survive for long. Whereas modern drainage system lasts long.
7. If you have seen crafts persons at work, describe in a short paragraph what they do.
(Hint: how do they get the raw materials, what kind of equipment do they use, how do they work, what happens to the finished product).
Crafts persons like weavers, blacksmiths, etc. are found in villages and cities.
>Use handlooms or powerlooms.
>Get yarns from merchants.
>Make cloth from yarns.
>Sell cloth back to merchants.
>They buy iron from market.
>Use hammers, tongs, etc.
>Heat the metal and give the desired shape to the metal with the help of a hammer.
>Sell the finished tools to the people.
8. List the functions performed by men and women who live in your city or village. In what ways are these similar to those performed by people who lived in Mathura? In what ways are they different?
Answer: Men and women are engaged in various livelihood activities.
Generally, men work in offices and shops. Women also work in offices.
Mathura was a religious as well as a trade center. People who lived in Mathura might have worked to provide food and other facilities to those who came to the city.
People from present day villages and cities also do the works same as the people of ancient Mathura might have done.