NCERT Class 7 Geography Chapter 5 Question Answers from the chapter water. NCERT Class 7 Geography Chapter 5 Question Answers are precise, simplified, and easy to understand.
NCERT Class 7 Geography Chapter 5 Question Answers
Answer the following questions.
1. What is precipitation?
Answer: Falling of moisture in the form of rainfall, snow, fog, sleet, and hailstorm is termed precipitation.
2. What is water cycle?
Answer: The water cycle is the process by which water continually changes its form and circulates between oceans, the atmosphere, and land. Water is evaporated from the oceans and forms clouds. Condensation occurs in clouds and water comes back to the surface as precipitation. Water runs off to oceans and completes the cycle.
3. What are the factors affecting the height of the waves?
Answer: Winds, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, or underwater landslides are the factors affecting the height of the waves.
If the wind blows stronger, then waves rise higher.
Strong earthquakes cause faster and higher waves.
4. Which factors affect the movement of ocean water?
Answer: Oceanic water moves in three ways – (1) Waves, (2) Tides, and (3) Currents.
> Waves are caused by winds, internal disturbances under the ground.
> Tides are caused by the gravitational pull of the Moon and the Sun.
> Currents are caused by the difference in temperature.
5. What are tides and how are they caused?
Answer: Tides are the rhythmic rise and fall of ocean water that occur twice a day.
Tides are caused by the gravitational pull of the Moon and the Sun on the earth’s surface.
6. What are ocean currents?
Answer: Ocean currents are the constant flow of water on the ocean surface in definite directions. Currents are caused by the temperature difference. There are two types of currents: (1) Cold currents, and (2) Warm currents.
1. Ocean water is salty.
Reason: A large amount of dissolved salts makes the ocean water salty.
2. The quality of water is deteriorating.
Reason: The amount of freshwater is very little as compared to salty water. Freshwater is wasted and not used economically.
Untreated water is mixed into the freshwater bodies from the industries ad households. This causes water pollution and deteriorates the water quality.
Tick the correct answer.
1. The process by which water continually changes its form and circulates between oceans, atmosphere, and land
(A) Water cycle
(C) Ocean currents
2. Generally, the warm ocean currents originate near
(B) the Equator
(C) None of these
3. The rhythmic rise and fall of ocean water twice a day is called
(B) Ocean current
Match the following.
|1. Capsian Sea||a. Largest lake|
|2. Tide||b. Periodic rise and fall of water|
|3. Tsunami||c. Strong seismic waves|
|4. Ocean Currents||d. Streams of water moving along definite paths|
|e. water cycle|