Class 5 SST Chapter 11 Question Answers

Class 5 SST Chapter 11 Question Answers

A. Identify the country where the following was developed for the first time.

  1. The Hindu-Arabic system of writing numbers: India
  2. A script for writing a language: Sumerians of Mesopotamia (Iraq at present)
  3. Paper from Papyrus: Egypt
  4. Block printing: China
  5. Reusable type of printing: Germany
  6. Braille script: France

Class 5 SST Chapter 10 Question Answers

  1. What problems arise if knowledge is communicated only orally?
    Answer:
    – Knowledge was communicated to very few people.
    – There are chances of forgetting it.
  2. Where was the oldest script developed in India?
    Answer:
    – Indus valley civilisation. (Present-day Pakistan)
  3. What is the advantage of the Hindu-Arabic system of writing numbers?
    Answer:
    – There are only ten digits from 0 to 9 used for representing any number.
  4. How did the Chinese make the paper several hundred years ago?
    Answer:
    – They used the bark of trees.
    – Bark was made into pulp.
    – Pulp was spread out in thin sheets.
    – Sheets were dried out to make paper.
  5. How was the printing done using wooden blocks?
    Answer:
    – Designs were cut into wooden flat blocks.
    – Ink was applied to the blocks.
    – Blocks were placed on paper.
    – Impression of the designs was created on paper.
  6. What were the disadvantages of printing books using wooden blocks? How did it affect the spread of knowledge?
    Answer:
    – Advantage: Several copies of a book could be made from wooden blocks.
    – Disadvantage: Making the designs on the wooden blocks took a long time.
    – Recording of knowledge became faster because of block printing.
    – Printed books became available to many people.
    – Printed books could be kept safe for a long time.
    – Spread of knowledge became faster and better with block printing.
  7. What was the advantage of Gutenberg’s method of printing?
    Answer:
    – Gutenberg’s printing method was using reusable types.
  8. Describe the Braille script. How does a visually challenged person read it?
    Answer:
    – Braille script was a special type of script created for visually challenged people and it made it possible for them to read the book using their fingers.
    – Braille script was developed in France by Louis Braille in 1824.
  9. How are progress and literacy-related?
    Answer:
    – Ability to read and write is called literacy. Knowledge reaches a large number of people when are literate. Knowledge is very important for the progress of anyone. So literacy is the key to progress. When people progress, the whole country progresses along with them.

Class 5 SST Chapter 10 Question Answers – MCQs

  1. In ancient India knowledge was mostly passed on
    A. by writing on paper
    B. by drawing pictures
    C. by printing books
    D. orally
  2. Hindi is written in the
    A. Brahmi script
    B. Devnagri script
    C. Braille script
    D. Sumerian script
  3. Paper was invented in
    A. India
    B. China
    C. England
    D. Germany
  4. Printing using types was invented in:
    A. India
    B. China
    C. England
    D. Germany
  5. Which of these is the script used for printing books for the visually challenged?
    A. Brahmi script
    B. Devnagri script
    C. Braille script
    D. Sumerian script

Class 5 SST Chapter 10 Question Answers – Extra questions

  1. How do people read with the help of the Braille script?
    .
    – Words and sentences are formed in patterns of small dots. These dots are raised above the surface of the paper. Visually challenged people read the words by touching and feeling patterns with their fingers.
    .
  2. Define types and typesetting?
    .
    – Small moulds of alphabets made of metal was called types.
    – Arrangement of the types in the patterns to form the sentences was called typesetting.
    .
  3. How the Hindu-Arabic number system became the common system for writing the numbers?
    .
    – People for Arab took the number system to the Europe. Then it was spread everywhere and became the common system of writing the numbers.
    .
  4. From which script were many Indian languages derived?
    .
    – Brahmi script.
    .
  5. What is the name of the modern English alphabet system?
    .
    – Roman alphabet system.
    .
  6. What did the ancient people used for writing the scripts?
    .
    – Ancient people wrote the signs and symbols on the flat blocks made of clay. These blocks are known as the tablets.
    .
  7. What is a pictorial script?
    .
    – Any script that uses the pictures along with the symbols is known as a pictorial script.
    .
  8. What is advantage of communicating knowledge by writing?
    .
    – Written information can be stored and passed to many people.
    .
  9. What are the ways of communicating knowledge?
    – Orally or by speaking.
    – By writing or recording.
    .
  10. What is the effect of computer software and technology on the recording and communicating the knowledge?
    – Computers, software and technology made the recording and communication of knowledge better and faster.

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