Class 5 SST Chapter 17 Question Answers

Class 5 SST Chapter 17 Question Answers

The United Nations – Exercises

A. Special Agencies of the UN and their respective aims.

  1. Welfare of children of the world – UNICEF
  2. Freedom from hunger. – FAO
  3. Promotion of education, science, and culture – UNESCO
  4. Improve the conditions of the working class – ILO
  5. Improve health conditions – WHO
 

B. True or False.

  1. The only aim of the UN is to prevent war. False
  2. All nations are members of the Security Council. False
  3. The General Assembly is the most powerful organ of the UN. False
  4. There have been no wars between nations after the UN was formed. False
  5. India has never had a seat in the Security Council. False
 

C. Question – Answers

  1. Why was the United Nations formed?
    Answer
    : The United Nations was formed in 1945 to prevent future wars and to maintain peace in the world.
  2. Besides maintaining world peace, in what other ways does the UN help its member countries?
    Answer
    : The UN helps its member nations in:
    >> Protecting human rights.
    >> Improving living standards.
    >> Providing education facilities to all.
    >> Fighting diseases.
    >> Preserving the environment.
  3. Name the six organs of the UN. Which organ is the most powerful?
    Answer
    :
    (1) The General Assembly
    (2) The Security Council
    (3) The Secretariat
    (4) The Economic and Social Council
    (5) The International Court of Justice
    (6) The Trusteeship CouncilThe Security Council is the most powerful organ of the UN.
  4. Name the five permanent members of the Security Council.
    Answer
    : USA, UK, France, Russia, and China.
  5. Who is the head of the UN? List his other main responsibilities.
    Answer
    : The Secretary-General is the head of the UN.Main responsibilities of the Secretary-General:
    >> To execute the decisions of the Security Council.
    >> To supervise the works of the Secretariat.
  6. What do you mean by ‘specialized agencies’ on the UN? Name any four agencies of the UN.
    Answer
    : Specialized agencies are the special organs of the UN to perform various works. They execute programs related to food aid, health, education, environment, and agriculture, etc.
  7. What is apartheid? Why did India oppose it?
    Answer
    : Apartheid is a policy where Blacks are considered inferior to the Whites. Black people are not treated equally due to such policies.India opposed the apartheid policy of South Africa because the blacks were not treated equally in South Africa.

D. Multiple choice questions

  1. The set of rules according to which the UN is governed is called
    (A) the Constitution of the United Nations
    (B) the Government of the United Nations
    (C) the Secretariat
    (D) the Charter of the United Nations
  2. Which of these is not an aim of the UN:
    (A) to maintain international peace
    (B) to encourage respect for human rights
    (C)  to help the less developed nations achieve progress
    (D) to govern and rule newly formed nations
  3. In the General Assembly,
    (A) all countries have one vote
    (B) countries with larger populations have more votes
    (C) countries that are more developed have more votes
    (D) the poorer countries have more votes
  4. The most powerful organ of the UN is the
    (A) the General Assembly
    (B) the Security Council
    (C) the Internation Court of Justice
    (D) the Secretariat
  5. The agency of the UN that is responsible for the welfare of children all over the world is the
    (A) UNESCO
    (B) UNICEF
    (C) WHO
    (D) ILO
  6. Which country followed the policy of apartheid?
    (A) the USA
    (B) Britain
    (C) South Africa
    (D) Germany

E. Extra Questions

  1. What are the achievements of the UN?
    Answer
    : The UN has been successful in
    >> preventing WW-III and any other major wars.
    >> controlling arms and preventing nuclear weapons.
    >> fighting against poverty, diseases, and illiteracy.
  2. How has India contributed to the UN?
    Answer
    :
    >> Indian armed forces have been used as peacekeeping forces in the middle east, Cyprus, DRC, and Sudan.
    >> India has been a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council several times.
    >> India has played an important role in putting forward the concerns of developing countries at the UN.
    >> India actively raised its voice against discrimination.
    >> India has been standing for peace.
  3. What is the aim of ILO?
    Answer
    : The ILO aims to improve the working conditions and living standards of the working class.
  4. What is the aim of FAO?
    Answer
    : The main aim of FAO is ‘Freedom from Hunger’.
    >> FAO helps nations to increase food production.
    >> FAO arranges food for people during food shortages.
  5. How does FAO help the member nations to increase food production?
    Answer
    : FAO helps the member nations in –
    >> getting better seeds
    >> controlling crop and animal diseases
    >> improving irrigation
    >> conserving soil and forests

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