Test Questions

Class 5 Test Questions

(1) What is the difference between latitudes and longitudes?
Answer
:
Latitudes are horizontal imaginary line whereas longitudes are vertical imaginary lines.
Latitudes are parallel to each other whereas longitudes meet at the poles.
Latitudes are full circles whereas longitudes half circles.

(2) How a map is better than a globe?
Answer
:
A Map can be folded and can be carried anywhere but it is difficult to carry a globe everywhere.
We can see all the places of the Earth at the same time but on a globe, we can not see all the places.
Maps can be made for small places but a globe represent the whole earth.

(3) Describe the heat zones.
Answer
: Earth is divided into various zones based on the heat received by that region.
Torrid Zone (Tropical Zone) receives the maximum amount of heat and it is located between the Tropical of Cancer and the Tropical of Capricorn.

Temperate Zone receives the moderate amount of heat. North Temperate Zone is located between the the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle. South Temperate Zone is located between the Tropical of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle.

Frigid receives the least amount of heat. North Frigid Zone is located between the Arctic Circle and the North Pole. South Frigid Zone is located between the Antarctic Circle and the South Pole.

(4) Why do we have opposite seasons in both the hemispheres?
Answer
: The Earth is tilted by 23.5 degrees.
Hence, One hemisphere will be tilted towards the Sun and receives more heat from the Sun. It will be summer in this hemisphere.
Other hemisphere will be tilted away from the Sun and receives lesser amount of heat. It will be winter in this hemisphere.

Due to this tilt of the Earth, we have opposite seasons in both the hemispheres.

(5) Why does it rain almost everyday in DRC?
Answer
: DRC is located in the Torrid Zone and receives the maximum amount of heat. Due to more heat, more evaporation occurs and clouds are formed. Hence, it rains almost everyday in DRC.

(6) How did Saudi Arabia become prosperous?
Answer
:
Saudi Arabia has huge Petroleum reserves. Saudi Arabia exports Petroleum to other countries and earns a lot money. Saudi Arabia has used this money for industrial development. Hence, by using the natural resources wisely, Saudi Arabia became rich and prosperous.

(7) Why is Greenland not suitable for agriculture?
Answer
:
Most of the Greenland lies in the Frigid Zone and always covered with ice. The climate of Greenland is very cold and dry. So Greenland is not suitable for agricultural activities.

(8) Why are the Prairies is called the Wheat Basket of the World?
Answer
:
The Soil is very fertile in the Prairies. Mississippi and Missouri rivers flow through the Prairies. So water is easily available. Fertile soil and water makes the Prairies very good for wheat cultivation. The Prairies produces huge amount of wheat in the world. Hence the Prairies are called the Wheat Basket of the World.

(9) How is transport useful for us?
Answer
: Transport is very important part of our lives. Transport makes the movement of the people and goods easier and faster. Using transport we can reach to our destinations quickly and meet our relatives and friends. We can also send goods to various places.

(10) What is the difference between Individual Communication and Mass Communication? Write examples too.
Answer
: Individual Communication is sharing the information with one person or a few people. Audio and video calls, letters, emails, etc. are examples of Individual Communication.

Mass Communication is sharing the information with many people at the same time. Television, Radio, Newspapers, Magazines, Books, etc. are examples of Mass Communication.


Class 6 Test Questions

(1) How does discrimination affect our society?
Answer
:
People are discriminated based on various inequalities. When people are not given equal opportunities and respect then they will feel bad and they will not be able to progress. And in our society, everyone should progress then only our society will developed in the true sense. Sometimes, people start fight because of discrimination. Hence, discrimination affects our society negatively and it creates division in the society.

(2) Write five examples of inequalities in our country.
Answer
:
Examples of inequalities in our country:
> 1. Inequality of Wealth Distribution: Some people are poor and some are rich.
> 2. Inequality of Caste: Some castes are higher and some are considered low.
> 3. Inequality of Gender: Women are considered inferior than men.
> 4. Inequality of Religion: All the religions are not given equal respect.
> 5. Inequality of Appearance: People are discriminated based on their appearance.

(3) Why do we have various levels in our government system?
Answer
: It is very difficult for a single government to look after such a big country with huge diversity. In order to rule efficiently, the government system has been divided into three levels. All responsibilities of the government have been divided among these levels.

Three levels of our Government:
> 1. National or Central Level
> 2. State Level
> 3. Local Level

(4) What are some positive points about a monarchy? (mention any three)
Answer
:
A monarchy government system can be effective for the following reasons:
> 1. If the ruler is good then he rule for longer period of time and do the development works.
> 2. Decision can be taken faster as the not much time is wasted in discussions.
> 3. Long term development plans would be better executed in a monarchy.
> 4. All the election related cost will be not there as election are not conducted in a monarchy.

(5) If a person was born in 789 BC then how many years ago was he born?
Answer
:
Since the year mentioned is BC. Given year will be added to the current year (2021).
So, the person was born (2021+789=2810) years ago.

(6) If a person was born about 2644 years ago, then in which year was he born?

Answer
:
Given number of years is more than the current year (2021), so the year will be BC.
To find the year, we will subtract 2021 from 2644.

So, we will say, the person was born in (2644-2021=623BC).

(7) What type of places were chosen by the hunters and gatherers for living?
Answer
:
Hunters and gatherers chose the place to stay where:
> 1. Food and water was easily available.
> 2. Forest was nearby for hunting animals and gathering fruits.
> 3. Shelter (caves) were available for safety.
> 4. Good Quality stones were available for making stone tools.

(8) How was the life of people in the Harappan cities and villages?
Answer
: People were very busy and engaged in various activities.
> Some people did the ruling and town planning.
> Some did the construction works.
> Some people travelled long distances for trading.
> Some people were busy in craft works like making toys, seals etc.
> Some people also the reading and writing works. These people were called scribes.
Apart from these, there were people who lived in the villages, they were engaged in the agriculture and animal rearing works.

(9) Why do we have opposite seasons in both the hemispheres?
Answer
:
The Earth is tilted by 23.5 degrees.
Hence, One hemisphere will be tilted towards the Sun and receives more heat from the Sun. It will be summer in this hemisphere.
Other hemisphere will be tilted away from the Sun and receives lesser amount of heat. It will be winter in this hemisphere.

Due to this tilt of the Earth, we have opposite seasons in both the hemispheres.

(10) How latitudes are used in deciding heat zones?
Answer
:
Earth is divided into various zones based on the heat received by that region. Latitudes are used to define the boundaries of these heat zones.

Torrid Zone (Tropical Zone) receives the maximum amount of heat and it is located between the Tropical of Cancer and the Tropical of Capricorn.

Temperate Zone receives the moderate amount of heat. North Temperate Zone is located between the the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle. South Temperate Zone is located between the Tropical of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle.

Frigid receives the least amount of heat. North Frigid Zone is located between the Arctic Circle and the North Pole. South Frigid Zone is located between the Antarctic Circle and the South Pole.

(11) Find the longitude difference and time difference for the following places. And which place will be ahead?
> (a) Place A: 22.5 E & Place B: 7.5 W
> (b) Place C: 82.5 W & Place 75 W

Answer:
> (a) Place A and Place B are on the opposite side of the Prime Meridian. We will add the longitudes.
Longitude difference between A & B = 22.5+7.5=30 degrees.
Time Difference between A & B = 30/15 = 2 hours.
Place A will be 2 hours ahead of B.

> (b) Place C and Place D are on the same side. We will subtract smaller one from the bigger longitude.
Longitude Difference between C & D = 82.5-75=7.5 degrees
Time Difference between C & D = 7.5/15=0.5 hours
0.5 hours = 30 minutes.
Place C will be 30 minutes ahead of Place D.

(12) Why did our country choose 82.5 E as its standard Time Meridian?
Answer
:
India is a large country and it covers approximately 30 degrees from East to West. There will be total 2 hours of difference between eastern and western part of our country.

To follow same standard time and to avoid confusion among the people, India decided to take a standard Meridian for marking the standard Time Zone in our country.

(13) What will happen if the Earth stops receiving any heat and light from the Sun?
Answer
: If the Earth stops receiving heat and light from the Sun then the Earth will be having darkness everywhere and also the temperature will be fallen very low. Our Earth surface would be frozen and covered with ice. In this extreme condition, life will not be possible on the Earth.

(14) How is a globe useful for us?
Answer
: A globe is used for study of the Earth. We can learn about the shape of the Earth with the help of a globe. We can learn about various places on the Earth surface.

We can understand the rotation and revolution with the help of a globe. With the help of a globe, we can understand how days and nights are formed. We can also understand the formation of seasons.

(15) What was unique about Lothal among the other Harappan cities?
Answer
: Lothal was one the major cities in the Harappan Civilization. It was a port city and very important for trading.
Here a dockyard and a storehouse are found that suggest that they were used for loading and unlading goods in the ships.

Lothal was an important center for making objects out of stone, shell and metal. A building is found here that suggests that it was a workshop for making objects out of stones, shell and metal.


Class 7 Test Questions

(1) What was the reason for the Tripartite Struggle? Who were involved in it?
Answer
:
Tripartite Struggle was the conflict over Kannauj among the Rashtrakutas, the Palas and the Gurjara-Pratiharas. These kingdoms wanted to control Kannauj because it was a fertile region. It was a prosperous place. For getting wealth, these kingdoms fought against each other.

(2) What is the importance of Akbar Nama?
Answer
:
Akbar Nama was the biography of Akbar written by Abul Fazl. Akbar Nama is important for us because it gives us important information about the Akbar reign.

Akbar Nama Volume 1 gives us the information about Akbar’s ancestors.
Akbar Nama Volume 2 tells us about the important events during Akbar’s rule.
Akbar Nama Volume 3 is also called as ‘Ain-i-Akbari’ gives us information on administration, revenues system, life of people, geography of the empire etc.

(3) Do you think ‘Sulh-i-Kul’ is relevant in the present day society too? Give proper reasons for your answers.
Answer
:
Sul-i-Kul means Universal Peace. It was the idea given by Akbar for bringing harmony and peace in the society.
According to Sul-i-Kul, everyone should follow three ethics – Honesty, Peace and Justice.

Sul-i-Kul is relevant in the present-day society because now also we have various people keep on fighting on religious matters. Some people don’t respect the other religions. So if everyone follows Sul-i-Kul in present time, then our society will be peace and harmony in our society.

(4) Why did Razia Sultan ruled for very short period of time even though she was a capable ruler?
Answer
:
Razia was capable but she was a woman and many Chroniclers, Nobles and powerful people did not accept that a woman was ruling them. They considered this against the ideal social order. They thought that it was against the wish of Allah as women were not supposed to rule.

So many people continuously opposed Raziya and she was removed from the throne.

(5) What did you like about the Cholas when you study about them?

Answer
: Chola started from a small region and expanded their kingdom. They made it very powerful kingdom. They had a powerful navy which allowed them to raid many places outside the subcontinent.

Under the Cholas, many beautiful temples and bronze sculptures were made.

Cholas developed an efficient irrigation system to increase agricultural produce.

Cholas were the longest ruling dynasty of Indian history.

(6) What are the various types of lands mentioned in the Chola rule?
Answer
:
Various types of lands mentioned in the Chola rule:
> Vellanvagai – Land belonging to Non-Brahmanas
> Brahmadeya – Land gifted Brahmanas
> Shalabhoga – Land given for School
> Devadana – Land given to the temples
> Pallichhandam – Land donated to Jaina Institutions

(7) How are we dependent on our ecosystem?
Answer:

All the livings being are dependent on their environment for food and nutrient.
Ecosystem is the relation of living beings in which they interact with their surroundings for food and other nutrients. So ecosystem defines our relation with our surroundings including both biotic and abiotic components.

(8) Describe Igneous type of rocks?
Answer
:
Igneous rocks are formed by volcanic activities. They are also called Primary Rocks. There are two types of igneous rocks.
>(1) Extrusive Igneous Rocks
>> When the molten magma is coming to the surface and solidifying.
>> Such rocks are formed by rapid cooling of lava.
>> They have fine grains.
>> Example: Basalt

> (2) Intrusive Igneous Ricks
>> When the molten magma is solidifying inside the surface only.
>> Such rocks are formed by slow cooling of the molten magma.
>> They have large grains.
>> Example: Granite

(9) What are the various landforms formed by the exogenic forces?
Answer
:
Various landforms formed by exogenic forces are:
> Meanders, Ox-bow Lakes, Levees, Flood Plains, Deltas by Rivers.
> Moraines by Glaciers
> Sea caves, Sea Arches, Stacks and Sea Cliffs by Sea waves.
> Mushroom rocks, sand dunes, loess by Wind in deserts

(10) What is the difference between the exogenic forces and endogenic forces?

Answer:
Exogenic forces are generated outside the Earth or above the Earth surface.
Endogenic forces are generated inside the Earth or under the Earth surface.

(11) How minerals are useful for us?
Answer
:
Minerals are naturally occurring substances which have certain physical properties and definite chemical composition.
For example, metals, coal, natural gas and petroleum.

Minerals are very important to us as they are used in industries, medicines, etc.

(12) What are the types of inequalities found in our society?
Answer
:
Examples of inequalities in our country:
> 1. Inequality of Wealth Distribution: Some people are poor and some are rich.
> 2. Inequality of Caste: Some castes are higher and some are considered low.
> 3. Inequality of Gender: Women are considered inferior than men.
> 4. Inequality of Religion: All the religions are not given equal respect.
> 5. Inequality of Appearance: People are discriminated based on their appearance.

(13) How is the healthcare facilities in rural India?
Answer
:
Basic facilities such as clean water, hygienic surroundings, etc. are not available to the people in the rural areas. There are more chances of diseases among the people.

Healthcare facilities are not adequately available in the rural areas. Qualified doctors, specialized services are also not available.

(14) What are benefits of Universal Adult Franchise in a democracy?
Answer
:
Universal Adult Franchise is the most essential feature of a democracy as it gives equal voting right to every eligible citizen who is 18 or above.

Universal Adult Franchise allows everyone to be involved in the formation of government. People can choose their leaders who can work for the welfare of them.

Any democracy is a democracy in a true sense if every citizen is given equal values, opportunity and rights.

(15) How can we bring equality to our society?
Answer:

If we can remove all the inequalities in our society. If we can end all the caste, religion based discriminations.

When everyone is given equal opportunity to progress then inequalities can be removed from the society.

If people change their mindset and give equal value and respect to everyone irrespective of their backgrounds.

Our Constitution has given us the right to equality and our government is also continuously trying to achieve this equality.