Class 5 Social Studies Chapter 15 Question Answers

Class 5 Social Studies Chapter 15 Question Answers

Class 5 Social Studies Chapter 15 Question Answers
Class 5 Social Studies Chapter 15 Question Answers

Class 5 Social Studies Chapter 15 Question Answers – True or False

1. During an earthquake, it is best to take shelter under a tree. False
2. The floodwaters of a river are beneficial for the soil. True
3. Flooding due to cyclones occurs in coastal areas. True
4. A tsunami is a massive earthquake. False
5. Deforestation increases rainfall and reduces the incidence of drought. False

Class 5 Social Studies Chapter 15 Question Answers – Fill in the blanks

1. A flood is a natural disaster.
2. Earthquakes are caused by tremors inside the Earth’s surface.
3. A Cyclone is a very strong wind with very heavy rain in coastal areas.
4. Diseases are likely to break out after floods due to unhygienic conditions after the flood water recedes.
5. The intensity of an earthquake is measured on a Richter scale.
6. An earthquake under the sea bed can cause a series of high waves in the sea called a tsunami.

Class 5 Social Studies Chapter 15 Question Answers

1. What is a natural disaster?
Answer
: A naturally occurring event that causes great damage to life and property is called a natural disaster.

2. Why do earthquakes occur?
Answer
: Earthquakes occur due to sudden movements under the earth’s surface.

3. What should you do if you feel an earthquake while you are in the house?
Answer
: We should run out of the house building and go to an open area away from tall buildings and trees. If we can not leave the building then we should hide under a table to protect ourselves from falling objects.

4. Give two reasons why floods occur?
Answer
: 1. Heavy rainfall; 2. Over-flowing rivers

5. What is a cyclone?
Answer
: A cyclone is a very strong wind with very heavy rainfall in coastal areas.

6. What steps can be taken to prevent the occurrence of drought?
Answer
:
(1) Afforestation
(2) Rainwater harvesting
(3) Storing water in reservoirs by building dams on rivers.

7. Why is there a food shortage during a drought?
Answer
: Rivers and ponds dry up and crops can not grow. Livestock and other animals die due to a shortage of fodder and water. This leads to a shortage of food.

8. What are the possible causes of a tsunami?
Answer
: Underwater earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, or landslides under the sea can cause a tsunami.

9. Name two non-government organizations that help people during a natural disaster.
Answer
: Red Cross Society, World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF).

Class 5 Social Studies Chapter 15 Question Answers – MCQs

1. Which of these is not a natural disaster?
(A) Fire in a forest caused by lightning.
(B) Fire in a house by an electrical short circuit.
(C) Flooding due to tidal waves in the sea.
(D) Drought caused by lack of rain.

2. Which of these is the safest place during an earthquake?
(A) In the open, away from tall buildings and trees.
(B) At home under a table
(C) At home on the roof
(D) Under a tree.

3. Which of these gets affected during floods?
(A) Crops
(B) Roads
(C) Transport
(D) All of these

4. A cyclone causes:
(A) floods
(B) earthquake
(C) fires
(D) drought

5. Deforestation makes a region more prone to (more than one answer could be correct)
(A) earthquake
(B) floods
(C) drought

(D) cyclones

6. Which of these will not help prevent a drought?
(A) Deforestation
(B) Building of dams
(C) Water harvesting
(D) Afforestation


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