Class 5 Social Studies Chapter 18 Question Answers

Class 5 Social Studies Chapter 18 Question Answers

Class 5 Social Studies Chapter 18 Question Answers
Class 5 Social Studies Chapter 18 Question Answers

Class 5 Social Studies Chapter 18 Question Answers – Fill in the Blanks.

The first European to find the route to India was Vasco Da Gama.
The British became very powerful in Bengal after the Battle of Plassey in 1757.
The Revolt of 1857 started in the city of Meerut.
Bahadur Shah Zafar was declared the leader of the 1857 revolt.
The British Government took over the control of India from the East India Company.

Class 5 Social Studies Chapter 18 Question Answers – True or False.

On his first trip to India, Vasco Da Gama landed in the city of Calcutta. False
The British bought cheap raw materials from Indians and sold them as finished goods at high prices. True
India became independent from British rule after the rule of the East India Company ended. False
The British were able to take control of India because the rulers were always fighting among themselves. True
The Revolt of 1857 was the first war of independence fought by the Indians. True

Class 5 Social Studies Chapter 18 Question Answers

Which European country was the first to start trade with India?
Answer: Portugal

Name three other European countries that started trading with India.
Answer: England, France, Netherlands.

Why did the countries trading with India fight among themselves? Who finally won the fight?
Answer: The European countries wanted to do more trade with India and earn more profit than others. Finally the British won the fight.

What gave the British an opportunity to start gaining control over India?
Answer: The constant fighting of Indian rulers among themselves gave the British an opportunity to start gaining control over India.

Explain why the Industrial Revolution in Britain was bad for the weavers in India.
Answer: The mill cloth made in the British industries was cheaper and of better quality than the cloth made by Indian weavers. More and more Indian people started buying cloth from Britain. So the Indian handloom industry suffered and the Indian weavers became poorer.

Give one example of an unjust law made by the British to take over kingdoms in India?
Answer: The British made a law that if a ruler died without a child, his kingdom would be taken over by the British.

Why were the Indian soldiers unhappy with the new rifles?
Answer: Soldiers had to bite off the ends of greased cartridges to load the new rifles. There was a rumor that the cartridges were greased with cow and pig fat. Hindus regard cows as sacred and Muslims regard pigs as unclean. So these new rifles were hurting the religious sentiments of the Indian soldiers.

Why were the British able to crush the Revolt of 1857?
Answer: The British had –
(1) Superior weapons
(2) Greater military strength. And
Many Indians also took the side of the British during the revolt of 1857.

Class 5 Social Studies Chapter 18 Question Answers – MCQs

Which of these countries traded with India about 500 years ago?
(A) Britain
(B) Portugal
(C) France
(D) All of these

One of the main items the European traders bought from India was:
(A) furniture
(B) jewelry
(C) spices
(D) arms

The Indian soldier who started the revolt against the British was
(A) Tantia Tope
(B) Nana Saheb
(C) Rani Lakshmi Bai
(D) Mangal Pandey

The Mughal Emperor who participated in the First War of Independence was
(A) Bahadur Shah Zafar
(B) Akbar
(C) Humayun
(D) Shah Jahan

Who did the British defeat in the Battle of Plassey?
(A) Tantia Tope
(B) Nana Sahib
(C) Rani Lakshmi Bai
(D) Siraj-ud-Daulah


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