Class 5 Social Studies Chapter 3 Question Answers

Class 5 Social Studies Chapter 3 Question Answers from the Movements of the Earth.

Class 5 Social Studies Chapter 3 Question Answers – Fill in the blanks

1. The fixed path along which the Earth revolves around the Sun is called its orbit.
2. The part of the Earth-facing away from the Sun has night.
3. The imaginary line along which the Earth rotates is called its axis.
4. Day and night on the Earth are caused by the rotation of the Earth.
5. In the month of June, the North Pole is tilted towards the Sun.

Class 5 Social Studies Chapter 3 Question Answers – True or False

1. The Earth takes 24 hours to revolve around the Sun. False
2. The hemisphere of the Earth that is tilted away from the sun gets longer hours of sunlight. False
3. When the North Pole tilted towards the Sun, the Northern Hemisphere has summer. True
4. When the Northern Hemisphere has day, the Southern Hemisphere has night. False

Class 5 Social Studies Chapter 3 Question Answers

1. How many different types of motions does the Earth have?
Answer: The Earth has two types of motions.
(1) Rotation on its axis.
(2) Revolution around the Sun along the orbit.

2. What is meant by ‘rotation’ of the Earth? What is the effect of the rotation?
Answer: The spinning motion of the Earth about an imaginary line (axis) is called the rotation of the Earth. The rotation of the Earth causes the days and nights.

3. Why is one day and one night on the Earth of 24 hours?
Answer: Because the Earth completes one rotation about its axis in 24 hours.

4. In the month of June, it is summer in the Northern Hemisphere and winter in the Southern Hemisphere. Why?
Answer: In the month of June, the North Pole is tilted towards the Sun and the Northern Hemisphere receives more heat. Hence we have summer in the Northern Hemisphere. And in June, the South Pole is away from the Sun. The Southern Hemisphere receives lesser heat. That is why it is winter in the Southern Hemisphere.

5. Why do the seasons repeat year after year?
Answer: The Earth completes its revolution around the Sun in one year (365 days). The position of Earth repeats in each revolution. So the seasons are repeated every year around the same time.

Class 5 Social Studies Chapter 3 Question Answers – MCQs

1. We see the Sun rising in the east and set in the west. This happens because
(A) The Earth revolves around the Sun.
(B) The Sun revolves around the Earth.
(C) The Earth spins on its axis.
(D) The Sun spins on its axis.

2. When the North Pole is tilted towards the Sun,
(A) The Northern Hemisphere has summer and the Southern Hemisphere has winter.
(B) The Northern Hemisphere has winter and the Southern Hemisphere has summer.
(C) Both hemispheres have summer.
(D) Both hemispheres have winter.

3. The seasons are caused by the
(A) Rotation of the Earth.
(B) Revolution of the Earth around the Sun.
(C) Rotation of the Sun.
(D) Revolution of the Sun around the Earth.

4. You are 10 years old today. You will be 11 after
(A) The Earth completes one rotation on its axis.
(B) The Earth completes one revolution around the Sun.
(C) The Sun completes one revolution around the Sun.
(D) One year – which is not related to the movement of the Earth.


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