Class 7 Civics Chapter 9 Important Notes

Class 7 Civics Chapter 9 Important Notes. Read all the Class 7 civics chapter 9 Struggles for Equality notes for understanding the chapter in an efficient way. All the important points have been included in this post to make sure that you learn everything related to the chapter.

Class 7 Civics Chapter 9 Important Notes
Women Protesting for Justice. (Tawa Matsya Sangh) Image


Reasons for Discriminations in India

(Class 7 Civics Chapter 9 Important Notes)

Unequal treatment is called discrimination. There have been several reasons for unequal treatment against the people.


Poverty and the lack of resources have been the key reasons for the unequal lives of the people in India.


Caste System

The caste system is another reason for the discrimination in Indian society. So-called lower caste people have suffered due to this caste-based system.


Gender Discrimination

Women were considered inferior to men due to biological differences. They were not given equal opportunities for education, work, etc.


Religious Differences

People have different beliefs and religious practices. Sometimes, these differences become the reasons for the discrimination.



People are considered inferior due to their skin colors or origin.

Struggles for equality

(Class 7 Civics Chapter 9 Important Notes)

There are two types of people who are respected and remembered.

  • Some people are known and respected for their fight for equality.
  • Others are respected for their equal treatment to all.

There have been many struggles against several issues. People came together to fight for justice.

For example, Women struggled for equality and raised their issues through women’s movements.

There are several organizations across the country fighting for the rights of the people who are displaced due to wildlife Sanctuaries or dams.
Tawa Matsya Sangh, Madhya Pradesh is an example where many people including beedi workers, fisherfolk, agricultural laborers, slum dwellers, etc. have been struggling for justice.

Tawa Matsya Sangh

(Class 7 Civics Chapter 9 Important Notes)

When a dam was constructed on the Tawa River in Madhya Pradesh, many people were displaced due to the submergence of many places.
  • Villages were uprooted.
  • Poor people were forced to go and build new homes, start new lives elsewhere.
Some of the displaced people settled around the reservoir and found their livelihoods in fishing.

The Struggle of TMS

In 1994, the MP government gave fishing rights to private contractors. These contractors drove the local people away and got cheap labor from outside. The local villagers were threatened and asked to leave by the contractors.
  • The villagers stood united and formed Tawa Matsya Sangh (TMS).
  • TMS organized rallies and a chakka jam (road blockade) for fishing rights.
  • In 1996, the MP government decided to give fishing rights to the displaced people.
TMS is a Fisherworker’s cooperatives. It is fighting for the rights of the displaced forest dwellers. It also helps the people financially by giving them loans for nets and boats. TMS buys the fishes at a fair price and also provides the facilities of preservation.

Constitution as a Living Document

(Class 7 Civics Chapter 9 Important Notes)

The Constitution recognizes everyone as equal. Equality and Justice are very important for a democracy.
People refer to the Constitution, to talk about equality and justice. People talk about the Constitution as a living document in their movements and struggles for equality.
Class 7 Civics Chapter 9 Important Notes

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Class 7 Civics Chapter 9 Question Answers

Class 7 Civics Chapter 1 Question Answers