10+ Important Rivers and Their Tributaries in India

Important rivers and their tributaries in India. There are many important Rivers in India that are the lifelines of Indians. Some of these rivers are perennial and others are seasonal rivers. Some are East-flowing rivers and others are West-flowing rivers. Many important rivers start from the Himalayan region and many other rivers start from the Vindhyas-Satpura range. We will get the information about some important rivers in India.

Types of Rivers in India

There are 4 types of rivers in India. These are either west-flowing or west-flowing rivers.

1. Himalayan rivers
2. Deccan rivers
3. Coastal rivers
4. Rivers of the inland drainage basin

Himalayan Rivers

> Formed by melting snow and glaciers.
> These rivers form large basins.
> Perennial rivers. (flowing throughout the year)
> Water level significantly increases during the Monsoons.
> Main River Systems – Ganga, Brahmaputra, Indus.

Important Rivers and Their Tributaries in India
Indus River System. (Source)

Deccan Rivers

> Formed by rainwaters during the Monsoons.
> Mostly non-perennial or seasonal rivers.
> Water volume decreases during the Summers.
> Main River System – Narmada, Tapi (Tapti), Godavari, Krishna, Kaveri, and Mahanadi.

Coastal Rivers

> Short in length with limited catchment area.
> Mostly non-perennial or seasonal rivers.

Inland Drainage Basin Rivers

> Mostly ephemeral rivers.
> They last only for few days.
> Generally flow in the western part of India.

#Important Rivers and Their Tributaries in India


Important Rivers and Their Tributaries in India

Ganga River

Total Length~2525 km
Length in India~2304 km
OriginGangotri Glacier, Gomukh, Uttarakhand
StatesUttrakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal
DestinationBay of Bengal
TributariesYamuna, Ramganga, Gomti, Ghagra, Gandak, Son, Kosi, Mahananda
Important CitiesHaridwar, Kanpur, Prayagraj, Varanasi, Patna
OthersKnown as Padma in Bangladesh
Important rivers and their tributaries in India

Godavari River

Total Length1464 km
OriginTriambakeshwar, Nasik, Maharashtra
StatesMaharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh
DestinationBay of Bengal
TributariesPravara, Purna, Manjra, Penganga, Wardha, Wainganga, Pranhita, Indravati, Maner, Sabri
Important CitiesNashik, Nagpur, Rajamundry
Important rivers and their tributaries in India

Yamuna River

Total Length1376 km
OriginYamunortri Glacier, Uttarakhand
StatesUttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh
DestinationGanga River at Prayagraj
TributariesChambal, Tons, Hindon, Betwa, Ken, Giri, Sind, Uttangan, Sengar, Rind
Important CitiesNew Delhi, Mathura, Agra
Important rivers and their tributaries in India

Narmada River

Flow of Narmada River (Source)
Important rivers and their tributaries in India
Total Length1312 km
OriginAmarkantak, Maikal Range, Madhya Pradesh
StatesMadhya Pradesh, Gujarat
DestinationArabian Sea
TributariesBurhner, Halon, Heran, Banjar, Dudhi, Shakkar, Tawa, Barna, Kolar, Ganjal, Beda, Goi, Orsang.
Important CitiesJabalpur, Vadodara
Important rivers and their tributaries in India

Krishna River

Total Length1300 km
OriginMahabaleshwar, Western Ghat, Maharashtra
StatesMaharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh
DestinationBay of Bengal
TributariesGhataprabha, Malaprabha, Bhima and Tungabhadra
Important CitiesSangli, Vijayawada
Important rivers and their tributaries in India

Indus River

Total Length3180 km
Length in India1114 km
OriginMansarovar, Tibet
StatesUT of Ladakh
DestinationArabian Sea
TributariesJhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas, Satluj, Kabul
Important CitiesLeh
Important rivers and their tributaries in India

Chambal River

Total Length1024 km
OriginJanpav Hills, Vindhya Range, Madhya Pradesh
StatesUttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh
DestinationGanga River at Prayagraj
TributariesShipra, Choti Kalisindh, Sivanna, Retam, Ansar, Kalisindh, Banas, Parbati, Seep, Kuwari, Kuno, Alnia, Mej, Chakan, Parwati, Chamla, Gambhir, Lakhunder, Khan, Bangeri, Kedel and Teelar
Important CitiesKota
Important rivers and their tributaries in India

Mahanadi River

Total Length890 km
OriginSihava Mountains, Chhattisgarh
StatesChhattisgarh, Odisha
DestinationBay of Bengal
TributariesSeonath, Jonk, Hasdeo, Mand, ib, Ong, Tel
Important CitiesRaipur, Bilaspur, Sambhalpur
Important rivers and their tributaries in India

Kaveri (Cauvery) River

Flow of Cauvery River (Source)
Important rivers and their tributaries in India
Total Length805 km
OriginWestern Ghats, Kodagu District, Karnataka
StatesKaranataka, Tamil Nadu
DestinationBay of Bengal
TributariesHarangi, Hemavati, Kabini, Suvarnavathi, Bhavani.
Important CitiesSrirangapatanam, Trichy, Thanjavur
Important rivers and their tributaries in India

Tapti River

Total Length724 km
OriginSatpura Range, Madhya Pradesh
StatesMadhya Pradesh, Gujarat
DestinationArabian Sea
TributariesVaki, Gomai, Arunavati, Aner, Nesu, Arunavati, Buray, Panjhra, Bori, Girna, Vaghur, Purna, Mona, Sipna
Important CitiesBhusawal, Surat
Important rivers and their tributaries in India

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