Matter And Its Properties covers the basic concepts about the matter. Matter And Its Properties are simplified and precise that are easy to understand.

Matter And Its Properties

Matter – Anything that has volume and mass.

Classification of Matter:
(1) Physical Classification
(2) Chemical Classification

Physical Matter
(1) Solids
>Definite Shape and Size
>Particles are Tightly packed
>High density
>Almost incompressible
>High Boiling Point (BP); Melting Points (MP)
(2) Liquids
>Definite Volume but no fixed shape
>Not so tightly packed
>Lower density than Solids
>Compressible
>Lower BP and MP than Solids
(3) Gasses
>No definite shape and size
>Loosely packed
>lower density than Liquids and Solids
>Highly compressible
>Lower BP and MP than Liquids and Solids
(4) Plasma
>fourth state of matter
>Described by Irving Langmuir
>Occurs at very high temperature
>Found in Stars including the Sun
>Equal no of +ve and ve charged particles
>Ionized state of matter
(5) Bose-Einstein Condensate
>Fifth state of matter
>Predicted by SN Bose and Einstein
>Achieved at absolute zero (0 K) temperature
>Atoms and Atomic sub-particles are at rest
>Zero Entropy (No disordered state)

Change of State of Matter

(Source: Wikipedia)

Melting: Conversion of a solid into a liquid

Freezing: Conversion of a liquid into solid

Vaporization: Conversion of a liquid into gas

Condensation: Conversion of gas into liquid

Sublimation: Conversion of a solid directly into a gas

Deposition: Conversion of gas directly into a solid

Ionization: Conversion of matter into ionized particles

Recombination: Deionisation of particles

Chemical Matter
(1) Pure Substances
(a) Elements (Metals, Non-metals, and Metalloids)
(b) Compounds (Organic and Inorganic compounds)
(2) Mixtures
(a) Homogeneous Mixture (Solutions)
(b) Heterogeneous Mixture (Colloids and Suspensions)

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