Matter And Its Properties

Matter And Its Properties covers the basic concepts about the matter. Matter And Its Properties are simplified and precise that are easy to understand.

Matter And Its Properties

Matter – Anything that has volume and mass.

Classification of Matter:
(1) Physical Classification
(2) Chemical Classification

Physical Matter
(1) Solids
>Definite Shape and Size
>Particles are Tightly packed
>High density
>Almost incompressible
>High Boiling Point (BP); Melting Points (MP)
(2) Liquids
>Definite Volume but no fixed shape
>Not so tightly packed
>Lower density than Solids
>Lower BP and MP than Solids
(3) Gasses
>No definite shape and size
>Loosely packed
>lower density than Liquids and Solids
>Highly compressible
>Lower BP and MP than Liquids and Solids
(4) Plasma
>fourth state of matter
>Described by Irving Langmuir
>Occurs at very high temperature
>Found in Stars including the Sun
>Equal no of +ve and ve charged particles
>Ionized state of matter
(5) Bose-Einstein Condensate
>Fifth state of matter
>Predicted by SN Bose and Einstein
>Achieved at absolute zero (0 K) temperature
>Atoms and Atomic sub-particles are at rest
>Zero Entropy (No disordered state)

Change of State of Matter

(Source: Wikipedia)

Melting: Conversion of a solid into a liquid

Freezing: Conversion of a liquid into solid

Vaporization: Conversion of a liquid into gas

Condensation: Conversion of gas into liquid

Sublimation: Conversion of a solid directly into a gas

Deposition: Conversion of gas directly into a solid

Ionization: Conversion of matter into ionized particles

Recombination: Deionisation of particles

Chemical Matter
(1) Pure Substances
(a) Elements (Metals, Non-metals, and Metalloids)
(b) Compounds (Organic and Inorganic compounds)
(2) Mixtures
(a) Homogeneous Mixture (Solutions)
(b) Heterogeneous Mixture (Colloids and Suspensions)

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