NCERT Class 6 Civics Chapter 1 Notes cover all the topics in a precise and simplified way. NCERT Class 6 Civics Chapter 1 Notes are easy to understand and learn for the exams.
NCERT Class 6 Civics Chapter 1 Notes
What is Diversity?
Diversity is a variety of something.
A variety of cultural practices is called cultural diversity
A variety of geographical features is called geographical diversity.
The Diversity of any place depends upon
(1) History of the place
(2) Geography of the place
India is a big country with a vast population. We have 28 states and 9 union territories. India is one of the most diverse countries in the world.
|Diversity of Cultural Practices|
>> Religions and Castes
>> Food items
>> Dance and Music forms
>> Clothing styles, etc.
|Diversity of Geographical Features|
>> Climatic conditions
>> Soil types
>> Flora and Fauna, etc.
> Major religions of the world (Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism, Christianity, Zoroastrianism, etc.) are practiced in India.
Diversity of Castes
> Our society is divided into a variety of castes which are so-called lower castes, upper castes, etc.
Diversity of Languages
> There are 22 officially recognized languages and many other languages are spoken in India.
Diversity of Festivals
> A variety of festivals are celebrated in India throughout the year.
> Festivals are celebrated for many reasons and these festivals bring people together.
Diversity of Food Items
> Every place has some specialty in food. Spices are an important part of our food. Indians love spicy food. Sweets are also an integral part of the food culture. Every place has some specialty in food items.
Diversity of Dance and Music Forms
> Singing and dancing are important parts of our lives. We celebrate our festivals with a variety of songs and dance forms.
> We have a variety of classical as well as folk music and dance forms.
Diversity of Clothing
> Colorful clothes are part of our culture. Different states have different attires.
> Clothing styles depend upon the climatic conditions and geographical factors of the areas.
Comparison of Ladakh and Kerala
|> Mountainous region in the Himalayas||> Coastal Plain region in South India|
|> Very cold climate||> Hot and Humid climate|
|> People eat meat and milk products||> People mainly eat rice and fish.|
|> People keep sheep and goats||> People grow crops|
|> Popular for Pashmina Shawl||> Popular for Spices|
|> Buddhism and Islam are major religions||> Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, etc. are major religions|
|> Influenced by Chinese and Arab traders of the Past||> Influenced by Chinese and Arab traders of the Past|
Unity in Diversity
> People from different cultural, regional, and religious backgrounds came together and fought together for our freedom.
> Despite the diverse culture, we are all united when it comes to India.
> Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the first to use this term (Unity in Diversity) in his book “The Discovery of India“.
Symbols of our unity
> National Flag
> National Anthem, etc.