NCERT Class 6 Civics Chapter 3 Notes

NCERT Class 6 Civics Chapter 3 Notes for quick revision from the chapter – What is Government?. NCERT Class 6 Civics Chapter 3 Notes covers all the important topics in a simplified and precise way.

What is Government?

A government is a system or group of people which takes care of a country, state, city, or village. The government takes care of the people by working for their welfare.

> The government takes decisions, makes plans, and then implements them.
> The government also makes laws, rules, and regulations to maintain law and order in its area of rule.
> The Government has the power to enforce its decisions and laws.

Levels of Government

India is a huge country and to govern such a big country, the responsibilities have been divided into three levels. It means that the government works at three levels.

National Level – Union or Central Government
State Level – State Government
Local Level – Local Government

Local government has two types:
(1) Panchayati Raj (Rural Area)
(2) Municipal Council (Urban Area)

NCERT Class 6 Civics Chapter 3 Notes
Levels of Government
NCERT Class 6 Civics Chapter 3 Notes

Administrative Division of India

India ­čí║ States ­čí║ Districts ­čí║ Blocks ­čí║ Cities & Villages

Responsibilities of a Government

There are many responsibilities of the Government. A few of them are mentioned below.

> To provide basic facilities of health, education, transport, electricity, water, etc. to the people.
> To build pubic places and maintain them.
> To make development plans and execute them.
> To protect the boundaries of the country and maintain friendly relations with neighbouring countries.
> To solve social issues like poverty, illiteracy etc.

Types of Government

There are two main types of government based on the power to make decisions.

(1) Democracy
– A government system where people have the power to choose their leaders and these leaders become part of the government.
Hence, people have the power to form the government.

(2) Monarchy
– A government system where a king or a queen has the power to take decisions. People don’t participate in the government.

Democracy vs Monarchy

DemocracyMonarchy
The government is formed by the people through elections.King or a queen is not elected as there is no election conducted.
The government is elected for a fixed term.Crown is transferred to the next generation.
People indirectly participate in making the laws.Only the monarch makes the laws.
The rule is done by the elected leaders.The rule is done by the royal family only.
People can ask questions to the government.People may not have the right to ask questions.
All the people are considered equal and given fundamental rights.People may not be considered equal and may not have any rights.
Examples:
India, USA, etc.
Examples:
Saudi Arabia, UAE, etc.
Class 6 Civics Chapter 3 Important Notes

NCERT Class 6 Civics Chapter 3 Notes
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NCERT Class 6 Civics Chapter 3 Notes

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