NCERT Class 6 Civics Chapter 7 Notes cover all the topics in a simplified and precise way. NCERT Class 6 Civics Chapter 7 Notes are easy to understand and very helpful for the quick revision of the chapter – Urban Administration.
NCERT Class 6 Civics Chapter 7 Notes
Local Government in Urban Areas
A Municipal Corporation or Council is a local governing body in an urban area. It works for the welfare of the people and provides basic facilities to the people of the urban areas like towns, cities, etc.
There are different names of the governing bodies depending upon the population of the towns or cities.
Types of Urban Governing Bodies
>Municipality (Nagar Palika)
>Municipal Council (Nagar Parishad)
>Municipal Corporation (Nagar Nigam)
>Metropolitan Municipal Corporation (Mahanagar Palika)
Responsibilities of a Municipal Corporation
(1) Arrangement of garbage collection
(2) Prevention and control of diseases in the city
(3) Electricity and Water supply
(4) Keep the Markets and other public places clean, etc.
(5) Construction of public places such as roads, schools, hospitals, gardens, bus stops, etc.
Structure of a Municipal Corporation
There are appointed and elected people who work together in a municipal corporation. For efficient and systematic administration of a city, it is divided into smaller regions called wards.
From every ward of a city, one representative is elected by the people. This elected representative is called Ward Councillor.
All the ward councilors elected their leader who is called Mayor or Chairman of the Municipal Corporation.
Municipal Commissioner, Accounts Officer, Sanitation Engineer, etc. are some of the appointed members who work in the municipal corporations.
There are different departments for various types of public works.
Responsibilities of a Ward Councillor
Ward Councillor is the representative from a ward. So, he is responsible for solving the problems of the people.
(1) He takes the problem to Municipal Corporation and works for the solution.
(2) He also helps the people on administration-related matters.