NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 5 Extra Questions covers all the topics in a simplified and easy-to-understand way. NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 5 Extra Questions include all the topics in a precise way.
NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 5 Extra Questions – MCQs
1. The domain of the Earth where life is found:
2. The continent through which the tropic of Cancer, the Equator, and the Tropic of Capricorn pass:
(D) North America
3. The longest mountain range in the world:
(A) The Himalayas
(B) The Ural Mountains
(C) The Alps
(D) The Andes
4. S-shaped ocean is
(A) The Pacific Ocean
(B) The Atlantic Ocean
(C) The Indian Ocean
(D) The Arctic Ocean
5. Which one is not the layer of Atmosphere?
(A) The Biosphere
(B) The Troposphere
(C) The Stratosphere
(D) The Mesosphere
6. It is called an island continent
(A) South America
7. Which of these passes through Australia?
(A) The Equator
(B) The Tropic of Cancer
(C) The Tropic of Capricorn
(D) The Antarctic Circle
8. The Ozone Layer is part of
9. Which gas keeps our Earth warm?
(C) Carbon Dioxide
10. Air pressure and temperature ________ when we go up.
(C) remain constant
(D) change randomly
NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 5 Extra Questions – Fill in the blanks
1. The South Pole lies almost at the center of Antarctica.
2. Africa is the second-largest continent after Asia.
3. The world’s longest river the Nile flows through Africa.
4. The hydrosphere comprises water in the form of ice, water, and vapor.
5. The Arctic Ocean is connected with the Pacific Ocean by a narrow stretch of shallow water known as Bering Strait.
6. The Pacific Ocean is circular in shape.
7. The Coastline of the Atlantic Ocean is highly indented.
8. Europe lies to the west of Asia.
9. Global warming is caused due to the increased quantity of Carbon Dioxide.
10. Maitri and Dakshin Gangotri are Indian research centers in Antarctica.
NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 5 Extra Questions – True/False
1. The shape of the Pacific Ocean is almost triangular. False
2. The level of seawater remains the same everywhere. True
3. Air moves from low pressure to high pressure. False
4. Carbon dioxide is an important constituent of air. True
5. The atmosphere is composed mainly of nitrogen and oxygen. True
NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 5 Extra Questions
1. What is the difference between an Isthmus and a strait?
Isthmus is a narrow strip of land that connects two big landmasses.
Strait is a narrow passage of water that connects two big water bodies.
2. What is the atmosphere? How is it useful for use?
The atmosphere is a thin blanket of air that surrounds the earth.
The atmosphere extends up to a height of about 1,600 km. The atmosphere is divided into five layers based on composition, temperature, and other properties. These layers are the troposphere, the stratosphere, the mesosphere, the thermosphere, and the exosphere.
It provides us with the air we breathe and protects us from the harmful effects of the sun’s rays.
3. Describe the continents of the Earth.
> Largest continent. (one-third of the total land area of the earth).
> lies in the Eastern Hemisphere.
> The Tropic of Cancer passes through this continent.
> Separated from Europe by the Ural mountains on the west.
> Europe+Asia = Eurasia
> Lies to the west of Asia.
> The Arctic circle passes through it.
> Bound by water bodies on three sides.
> second largest continent after Asia.
> The Equator passes through the middle of the continent.
> A large part of Africa lies in the Northern Hemisphere.
> Only continent through which the Tropic of Cancer, the Equator, and the Tropic of Capricorn pass.
> Bound on all sides by oceans and seas.
> Home to the world’s largest hot desert (Sahara Desert) and the world’s longest river (Nile River).
> Third-largest continent in the world.
> Linked to South America by Isthmus of Panama.
> Lies completely in the Northern and Western Hemisphere.
> Lies mostly in the Southern Hemisphere.
> The world’s longest mountain range (Andes Range) runs through its length from north to south.
> The world’s largest river (Amazon River) flows through this continent.
> Smallest continent.
> Lies entirely in the Southern Hemisphere.
> Lies completely in the Southern Hemisphere.
> It is a large continent.
> The South Pole lies almost at the center of this continent.
> Permanently covered with thick ice sheets because of the South Polar region.
> No permanent human settlement.
4. Describe the major oceans of the world.
The Pacific Ocean
> largest ocean. Covers over one-third of the earth.
> The deepest part of the Earth (Mariana Trench) lies in the Pacific Ocean.
> Circular in shape.
> Surrounded by Asia, Australia, North America, and South America.
> second largest ocean in the world.
> Surrounded by North America and the South Americas on the Western side and Europe and Africa on the eastern side.
> Highly indented coastline which is an ideal location for natural harbors and ports.
> Commercially, it is the busiest ocean.
> Only ocean named after a country (India).
> The shape of the ocean is triangular.
> Bound by Asia in the north, Africa in the west, and Australia in the east.
> Located within the Arctic Circle and surrounds the North Pole.
> Connected with the Pacific Ocean by a narrow stretch of shallow water known as Bering Strait.
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