NCERT Class 7 Civics Chapter 3 Question Answers from How the State Government Works. NCERT Class 7 Civics Chapter 3 Question Answers include Simplified and easy-to-learn solutions.
NCERT Class 7 Civics Chapter 3 Question Answers
1. Use the terms ‘constituency’ and ‘represent’ to explain who an MLA is and how is the person elected.
An MLA is an elected representative who is elected from a constituency. The elected MLA represents his/her constituency.
A Constituency is a designated area created for election purposes on the basis of population.
In the elections, whoever gets the maximum votes from a constituency, becomes the MLA of that constituency.
2. How did some MLAs become Ministers? Explain.
When more than half the number (majority) of MLAs are coming to a political party then the political party forms the government. The party that forms the government is called the ruling party.
Remaining MLAs from other parties and independent MLAs become part of the opposition.
>The ruling party elects its leader who becomes the Chief Minister as the head of the government.
>The Chief Minister then selects other MLAs as ministers. The group of ministers is responsible for their respective portfolios. This group of ministers is called the cabinet or the council of ministers.
3. Why should the decisions taken by the Chief Minister and other ministers be debated in the Legislative Assembly?
The decisions should be debated and discussed in the Legislative Assembly to ensure that the decisions are in the interests of the people.
All the positive and negative points should be discussed and debated in the legislative assembly.
4. What was the problem in Patalpuram? What discussion/action was taken by the following? Fill in the table.
|Public Meeting||People were not happy with the work of the government.|
They demanded immediate actions to control the public health situation
|Legislative Assembly||All MLAs discussed the issue and decide on a plan of action to control the issue.|
|Press conference||News reporters asked questions related to the issue.|
The Health Minister presented the plan of action by the government to control the situation.
|Chief Minister||The Chief Minister visited the village and promised compensation for the affected families.|
The Chief Minister shared the plan of action to solve the problem.
5. What is the difference between the work that MLAs do in the Assembly and the work done by government departments?
All the MLAs are involved in the decision-making in the Legislative Assembly. They discuss and approve the decisions.
The decisions are executed by the government with the help of various government departments.
The MLAs who are part of the government as ministers, supervise and approve the work of the government departments.
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