NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 2 Question Answers include the simplified exercise. NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 2 Question Answers are easy to understand and learn for exams.
#New Kings and Kingdoms
NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 2 Question Answers
1. Match the Columns
Gurjara-Pratiharas – Gujarat and Rajasthan
Rashtrakutas – Western Deccan
Palas – Bengal
Cholas – Tamil Nadu
2. Who were the parties involved in the “tripartite-struggle”?
Answer: Gurjara-Pratihara, Rashtrakuta and Pala dynasties.
3. What were the qualifications necessary to become a member of a committee of the Sabha in the Chola empire?
The qualifications necessary to become a member of a committee of the Sabha:
> All those who wish to become members of the Sabha should be owners of land from which land revenue is collected.
> They should have their own homes.
> They should be between 35 and 70 years of age.
> They should have knowledge of the Vedas.
> They should be well-versed in administrative matters and honest.
> If anyone has been a member of any committee in the last three years, he cannot become a member of another committee.
> Anyone who has not submitted his accounts, and those of his relatives, cannot contest the elections.
4. What were the two major cities under the control of the Chahamanas?
Answer: Ajmer and Delhi.
5. How did the Rashtrakutas become powerful?
Rashtrakutas were one of them who were initially the subordinates (Samantas) to the Chalukyas in Deccan region. In the mid-eighth century, Dantidurga, a Rashtrakuta chief, performed a ritual hiranya-grabha (golden womb) and overthrew the Chalukya overlord. After the ritual was over he was reborn as Kshatriya, even if he was not a kshatriya by birth. Later, he expanded the kingdom of the Rashtrakutas.
5. What did the new dynasties do to gain acceptance?
Many samantas declared themselves independent kings when they gained power and wealth. These new kings adopted high sounding titles like Maharaja-Adhiraja or Tribhuvana-Chakravartin.
They also encouraged brahmanas to record their Prashastis so that these kings could be depicted as valiant, victorious warriors. They tried to demonstrate their power and resources by building large temples.
6. What kind of irrigation works were developed in the Tamil region?
During 5th-6th century, forests were cleared and land was leveled.
In the Kaveri Delta region, embankments were built to prevent floods. Canals were also constructed for irrigation.
In some areas wells were dug.
In other places huge tanks were constructed to collect rainwater.
7. What were the activities associated with Chola temples?
The Chola temples became the center of settlements. People started living near the temples areas and performed various activities such art, craft, agriculture, etc.
The rulers granted the land to the temples. This land was used by Priests, garland makers, cooks, sweepers, musicians, dancers, etc. who were associated with the temples and used to work for them. Thus, These temples were also the hub of economic, social and cultural life as well.
8. Contrast the ‘elections’ in Uttaramerur with present day panchayat election?
(How present day panchayat election is different than the elections in Uttaramerur?)
In Uttaramerur election the names of the persons eligible to be members of the committees were written on small tickets of palm leaves. The tickets were put into an earthenware pot. Thereafter a young boy was asked to take out the tickets, one by one for each committee.
And the present day panchayat members are elected through a general elections. People vote for the candidates on a ballot paper.
Whoever gets more votes, is declared winner.
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