NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 5 Question Answers covers the book exercise in a simplified and precise way. NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 5 Question Answers are easy to understand and learn.
NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 5 Question Answers
1. How is the ‘trabeate’ principle of architecture different from the arcuate?
Answer: In the trabeate principle of architecture roofs, doors and windows were made by placing a horizontal beam across two vertical columns. It is also called the post-intel style of architecture.
In the arcuate principle of architecture, the weight of the superstructure above the doors and windows was carried by arches.
2. What is a shikhara?
Answer: A shikhara is the topmost pointed portion of a temple.
3. What is pietra dura?
The style of making patterns with colorful polished stones fitted into the depressions created into marbles or sandstones is called Pietra Dura. It is decorative art.
4. What are the elements of a Mughal Chahar Bagh garden?
Mughal Chahar bagh consists of four gardens. These gardens are placed within rectangular walled enclosures and divided into four quarters by artificial channels.
5. How did a temple communicate the importance of a king?
Answer: Kings usually constructed temples to demonstrate their devotion to God and their power and wealth.
The Chola King Rajarajadeva adopted the name of his god, Rajarajashravan. It was considered to be auspicious and he wanted to appear like a god. The king honored and worshipped the god in the temples by the various rituals. This indicated as if they brought the just rule of the gods on earth.
6. An inscription in Shah Johan’s Diwan-i Khas in Delhi stated, “If there is Paradise on Earth it is here, it is here, it is here”.
How was this image created?
Answer: Shah Jahan’s Diwan-i Khas was designed in such a way that it fused together in a grand harmonious synthesis. It was carefully planned. It was placed within a large courtyard
Behind the emperor’s throne, there were a series of pietra-dura inlays. It depicted the legendary god Orpheus playing the lute. The Diwan-e Khas was aimed to communicate that the king’s justice would treat the high and the low as equals, creating a world where all could live together in harmony. The Diwan-i Khas reflected the image of a paradise in itself.
7. How did the Mughal court suggest that every one the rich and the poor, the powerful and the weak received justice equally from the emperor?
Answer: The Diwan-i am of the Mughal court suggested that justice was made for all in an equal way. The construction of Shah Jahan’s audience hall was designed to communicate that the king’s justice was equal for the high and the low. Its aim was to create a world where all could live together in harmony. There was no difference between the rich and poor in the emperor’s court.
8. What role did the Yamuna play in the layout of the new Mughal city at Shahjahanabad?
Answer: The river Yamuna had a very significant role in the layout of the new Mughal city at Shahjahanabad. Shah Jahan preferred the river-front garden in the layout of the Taj Mahal. He developed the same architectural form as a means to control the access that the nobles had to the river. In the new city of Shahjahanabad, the imperial palace also commanded the riverfront.
Only the most favored nobles were given access to the river. Other than those had to construct their homes in the city away from the river Yamuna. It expanded the layout of the city.
9. The rich and powerful construct large houses today. In what ways were the constructions of kings and their courtiers different in the past?
Answer: The rich and powerful construct large houses today. But these houses are not the same as those of the kings and their courtiers in the past. The houses of the kings and their courtiers were big structures with big courtyards, thick walls, domed-roofs, huge pillars, big gardens, and well-decorated halls. But today houses have no courtyards and domed roofs.
10. Look at Figure 4. How could that building be constructed faster today?
Answer: Such buildings were usually constructed for showing power and wealth. It was very difficult to construct them but they were made possible with the help of skilled masons and laborers. Such buildings took a very long time and a number of laborers to be constructed.
But now as technologies have advanced engineering, tools and equipment.
11. Find out whether there is a statue of or a memorial to a great person in your village or town. Why was it placed there? What purpose does it serve?
Answer: There is a very busy chowk in my village. We find there a statue of Subhash Chandra Bose and hence this chowk is known as Subhash Chowk. Subhash Chandra Bose was such a great person that he dared to challenge the British empire by forming his own army. He is now no more but his statue is there to inspire us. Its purpose is to encourage the youth to do something different and challenging.
12. Visit and describe any park or garden in your neighborhood. In what ways is it similar to or different from the gardens of the Mughals?
Answer: The gardens of Mughals gardens were spread over a very large area. There were a large variety of flowers. They were well-decorated and protected. But the garden in my neighborhood is not so large. Everyone has easy access to this garden. So the flowers are not safe. Thus, we don’t find any similarities.
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