NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 7 Question Answers from the chapter Tribes, Nomads, and Settled Communities. NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 7 Question Answers cover the book exercise in a simplified and precise way for easy learning.
NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 7 Question Answers
1. Match the columns.
|Sib Singh||Ahom State|
2. Fill in the blanks.
(a) The new castes emerging within varnas were called Jatis (castes).
(b) Buranjis were historical works written by the Ahoms.
(c) The Akbar Nama mentions that Garha Katanga had 70,000 villages.
(d) As tribal states became bigger and stronger they gave land grants to Temples and Brahmanas.
3. State whether True or False:
(a) Tribal societies had rich oral traditions. True
(b) There were no tribal communities in the north-western part of the subcontinent. False
(c) The Chaurasi in Gond states contained several cities. False
(d) The Bhils lived in the north-eastern part of the sub-continent. False
4. What kinds of exchanges took place between nomadic pastoralists and settled agriculturists?
Answer: The nomadic pastoralists exchanged wool, ghee, and other animal products with settled agriculturists for grain, cloth, utensils, and other products.
5. How was the administration of the Ahom state organized?
Answer: The Ahom administration was centralized. Ahom society was divided into clans or khels. A Khel often controlled several villages. Below were some important features of the Ahom State:
|Ahom State was dependent upon forced labour for various public works. They used a rotation policy in assigning works to the paiks.|
|Population Relocation||A census of the population was taken. People of densely populated areas were shifted to thinly populated areas.|
|Compulsory Military Service||Almost all adult males served in the army during the war|
|Allocation of lands||The peasant was given land by his village community. Even the king could not take it away without the community’s consent.|
6. What changes took place in varna-based society?
Answer: The following changes took place in Varna-based society:
> Smaller castes or jatis emerged within varnas.
> On the other hand, many tribes and social groups were taken into caste-based society and given the status of jatis.
> Specialised artisans such as smiths, carpenters and masons were also recognised as separate jatis by the Brahmanas.
> Jatis rather than varna became the basis for organising society.
> Among the Kshatriyas, new Rajput clans became powerful.
> Many tribes became part of the caste system. But only the leading tribal families could join the ruling class. A large majority joined the lower jatis of caste society.
> Many dominant tribes of Punjab, Sind and the North-West Frontier had adopted Islam as they did not accept the caste-based system.
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