Class 4 Social Studies Chapter 1 Question Answers

Class 4 Social Studies Chapter 1 Question Answers cover book exercise questions in a simplified and precise way. Class 4 Social Studies Chapter 1 Question Answers are easy to understand and learn for exams.

Class 4 Social Studies Chapter 1 Question Answers
#Landforms of the World

Class 4 Social Studies Chapter 1 Question Answers

A. Fill in the blanks.

1. The lowland between two mountains is called a valley.
2. The Tibetan Plateau is known as the roof of the world.
3. A triangular piece of land near the mouth of a river is called a delta.
4. A perennial river starts in the mountains.
5. The tip of a peninsula is called a cape.

B. Name these.

1. The largest desert in the world: Sahara
2. The longest river in the world: Nile
3. The highest peak in the world: Mount Everest
4. An island country in the Indian Ocean: Sri Lanka
5. A plateau in India: Deccan

C. Answer the following questions.

1. What are landforms? Name the main landforms of the Earth.
: The different features that make up the Earth’s surface are called landforms.
There 4 main landforms:
– Mountains
– Plains
– Plateaus
– Deserts

2. What are fold mountains? Give an example.
: When two large land masses push against each other, they form fold mountains. These mountains have several layers of soil and rocks. The Himalayas is an example of a fold mountain.

3. What is the difference between a mountain and a plateau?
: Both mountains and plateaus are raised higher than the surroundings but a mountain has a conical peak while a plateau is flat at the top.

4. What is a peninsula? Give an example.
: A piece of land surrounded by water on three sides is called a peninsula. Example: The Arabian Peninsula.

5. What is the difference between a perennial and a seasonal river?
: Perennial rivers have water throughout the year and seasonal rivers don’t have water throughout the year.

6. What is the difference between a tributary and a distributary?
: A smaller river flowing into a big river is called a tributary whereas smaller streams coming out of a big river are called distributaries.

7. What is a desert? Name some of the important deserts of the world.
: A desert is a large, extremely dry, and infertile land.
Some of the important deserts in the world:
– The Sahara Desert (Africa)
– The Kalahari Desert (Africa)
– The Atacama Desert (South America)
– The Thar Desert (India)

D. Map work.

On an outline map of the world, mark the following with the help of an atlas.
a. Mountains: Himalayas, Alps, Rockies
b. Deserts: Sahara, Kalahari, Atacama, Thar
c. Rivers: Nile, Congo, Gana
d. Plateaus: Tibetan Plateau, Deccan Plateau.
e. Islands: Australia, Greenland, Andaman and Nicobar Islands

E. Multiple choice questions.
  1. The Black Forest Mountains are
    (A) fold mountains
    (B) block mountains
    (C) volcanic mountains
    (D) glaciers
  2. Lowland between hills or mountains is called a
    (A) pass
    (B) valley
    (C) plains
    (D) mountains
  3. The landforms that are most heavily populated are
    (A) coasts
    (B) plateaus
    (C) plains
    (D) mountains
  4. The Kalahari Desert lies in
    (A) Southern Africa
    (B) South America
    (C) North America
    (D) Europe
  5. Small rivers that flow into the main river are called
    (A) distributaries
    (B) tributaries
    (C) perennial rivers
    (D) seasonal rivers

Class 4 Social Studies Chapter 2 Exercises

Class 4 Social Studies Chapter 3 Exercises