Class 4 Social Studies Chapter 1 Question Answers cover book exercise questions in a simplified and precise way. Class 4 Social Studies Chapter 1 Question Answers are easy to understand and learn for exams.
Class 4 Social Studies Chapter 1 Question Answers
A. Fill in the blanks.
1. The lowland between two mountains is called a valley.
2. The Tibetan Plateau is known as the roof of the world.
3. A triangular piece of land near the mouth of a river is called a delta.
4. A perennial river starts in the mountains.
5. The tip of a peninsula is called a cape.
B. Name these.
1. The largest desert in the world: Sahara
2. The longest river in the world: Nile
3. The highest peak in the world: Mount Everest
4. An island country in the Indian Ocean: Sri Lanka
5. A plateau in India: Deccan
C. Answer the following questions.
1. What are landforms? Name the main landforms of the Earth.
Answer: The different features that make up the Earth’s surface are called landforms.
There 4 main landforms:
2. What are fold mountains? Give an example.
Answer: When two large land masses push against each other, they form fold mountains. These mountains have several layers of soil and rocks. The Himalayas is an example of a fold mountain.
3. What is the difference between a mountain and a plateau?
Answer: Both mountains and plateaus are raised higher than the surroundings but a mountain has a conical peak while a plateau is flat at the top.
4. What is a peninsula? Give an example.
Answer: A piece of land surrounded by water on three sides is called a peninsula. Example: The Arabian Peninsula.
5. What is the difference between a perennial and a seasonal river?
Answer: Perennial rivers have water throughout the year and seasonal rivers don’t have water throughout the year.
6. What is the difference between a tributary and a distributary?
Answer: A smaller river flowing into a big river is called a tributary whereas smaller streams coming out of a big river are called distributaries.
7. What is a desert? Name some of the important deserts of the world.
Answer: A desert is a large, extremely dry, and infertile land.
Some of the important deserts in the world:
– The Sahara Desert (Africa)
– The Kalahari Desert (Africa)
– The Atacama Desert (South America)
– The Thar Desert (India)
D. Map work.
On an outline map of the world, mark the following with the help of an atlas.
a. Mountains: Himalayas, Alps, Rockies
b. Deserts: Sahara, Kalahari, Atacama, Thar
c. Rivers: Nile, Congo, Gana
d. Plateaus: Tibetan Plateau, Deccan Plateau.
e. Islands: Australia, Greenland, Andaman and Nicobar Islands
E. Multiple choice questions.
- The Black Forest Mountains are
(A) fold mountains
(B) block mountains
(C) volcanic mountains
- Lowland between hills or mountains is called a
- The landforms that are most heavily populated are
- The Kalahari Desert lies in
(A) Southern Africa
(B) South America
(C) North America
- Small rivers that flow into the main river are called
(C) perennial rivers
(D) seasonal rivers