NCERT Class 6 Civics Chapter 2 Notes

NCERT Class 6 Civics Chapter 2 Notes from Inequality and Discrimination. NCERT Class 6 Civics Chapter 2 Notes covers all the topics in a simplified and easy-to-understand way.

NCERT Class 6 Civics Chapter 2 Notes

India is the most diverse country in the world. India is the home of religious, cultural, geographical diversities. Diversity sometimes leads to inequality and then discrimination.

What is Inequality?

Inequality is the status difference among the people. Uneven distribution of resources, racism, casteism, etc are causes for inequality.

Wealth distribution (Rich – Poor)

The difference in income and wealth distribution leads to inequality. Equal opportunities for employment should be provided to the people to make sure that poverty is reduced.

Caste System (High caste – Low caste)

Since the Vedic period, our society has been divided into varnas. Later during the medieval period, The caste-based society emerged.
Most of the castes are based on occupations. The caste system is one of the main reasons for discrimination in our society.

Gender (Male-Female) – Gender Inequality

The biological differences led to the assumption that women are inferior to men and women were denied opportunities in all areas. In past, they were not considered fit for a ruling. Educational opportunities were not provided.

Skin color (Fair – Dark)

Fair skin has become an obsession among people as people believed that fair skin means beauty. Hence skin color led to discrimination.

What is Discrimination?

Based on these differences our behavior changes towards the people. We sometimes treat others unequally. Due to inequalities, many people don’t get opportunities, respect, treatment equally. This unequal treatment based on the differences is known as discrimination.

Discrimination hurts the sentiments of the people and their dignity is violated. Discrimination leads to inequalities and inequality leads to discrimination. It is very difficult to come out of such vicious cycles.

Our Government has been trying to end such discrimination by promoting equality through various programs and laws. It is the mindset of people that needs to be changed and all the stereotypes need to be broken.

For example,
We sometimes make fun of people with dark skin.
Sometimes we laugh at our classmates who get fewer marks.
Sometimes we even laugh at poor people.
All these behaviors come under discrimination.
We all are equal and we should respect each and every one.
We should never make fun of anyone.

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